Multielectrode intrafascicular and extraneural stimulation

  • P. H. Veltink
  • J. A. van Alsté
  • H. B. K. Boom
Physiological Measurement

Abstract

The relationship between nerve stimulation, pulse amplitude and isometric muscle force was measured to investigate recruitment of motor units. Force addition experiments were performed to obtain insight in the intersection of motor unit groups recruited by different electrodes. Intrafascicular and extraneural multielectrode configurations were used for nerve stimulation. Experiments were performed on rats. The common peroneal nerve was stimulated and the forces of the tibial anterior and extensor digitorum longus muscles were measured isometrically. Recruitment was more stable for intrafascicular electrodes than for extraneural electrodes. Especially for intrafascicular electrodes no strict inverse recruitment was observed. Force addition experiments indicated that small overlap of recruited motor unit groups occurred more often for intrafascicular than for extraneural electrodes.

Keywords

Extraneural electrodes Intrafascicular electrodes Multielectrode nerve stimulation Nerve fibre recruitment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bowman, B. R. andErickson, R. C. (1985) Acute and chronic implantation of coiled wire intraneural electrodes during cyclical electrical stimulation.Ann. Biomed. Eng.,13, 75–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Close, R. (1967) Properties of motor units in fast and slow skeletal muscles of the rat.J. Physiol.,193, 15–55.Google Scholar
  3. Fang, Z.-P. andMortimer, J. T. (1987) A method for attaining natural recruitment order in artificially activated muscles. Proc. 9th Ann. Conf. IEEE Eng. in Med. & Biol. Soc., Boston, 13th–16th Nov. 1987, 657–658.Google Scholar
  4. Freudenthal, H. (1965)Probability and statistics. Elsevier.Google Scholar
  5. Gorman, P. H. andMortimer, J. T. (1983) The effect of stimulus parameters on the recruitment characteristics of direct nerve stimulation.IEEE Trans.,BME-30, 407–414.Google Scholar
  6. Greene, E. C. (1968)Anatomy of the rat. Hafner.Google Scholar
  7. Hays, W. L. (1973)Statistics for the social sciences, 2nd ed. Holt, Rinehart & Winston Inc.Google Scholar
  8. Holle, J., Moritz, E., Thoma, H. andLischka, A. (1974) Die Karusselstimulation, eine neue Methode zur elektrophrenische Langzeitbeatmung.Weiner Klinische Wochenschrift,86, 23–27.Google Scholar
  9. Ishihara, A., Naitoh, H. andKatsuta, S. (1987) Effects of ageing on the total number of muscle fibers and motoneurons of the tibialis anterior and soleus muscles in the rat.Brain Res.,435, 355–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. McNeal, D. R. andBowman, B. R. (1985) Selective activation of muscles using peripheral nerve electrodes.Med. & Biol. Eng. & Comput.,23, 249–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Petrofsky, J. S. (1978) Control of recruitment and firing frequencies of motor units in electrically stimulated muscles in the cat.—Ibid.,,16, 302–308.Google Scholar
  12. Petrofsky, J. S. (1979) Sequential motor unit stimulation through peripheral motor nerves in the cat.—Ibid.,17, 87–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Petrofsky, J. S. andPhillips, C. A. (1979) Determination of the contractile characteristics of the motor units in skeletal muscle through twitch characteristics.—Ibid.,17, 525–533.Google Scholar
  14. Petrofsky, J. S. andPhillips, C. A. (1981) Impact of recruitment order on electrode design for neural prosthetics of skeletal muscle.Am. J. Phys. Med.,60, 243–253.Google Scholar
  15. Solomonow, M., Eldred, E., Lyman, J. andFoster, J. (1983) Control of muscle contractile force through indirect highfrequency stimulation.—Ibid.,62, 71–82.Google Scholar
  16. Sunderland, S. (1968)Nerves and nerve injuries. E. & S Livingstone.Google Scholar
  17. Talonen, P., Baer, G., Huhti, M. andHäkkinen, V. (1985) Control of muscle force by sequential motor unit stimulation of peripheral nerves.Med. & Biol. Eng. & Comput.,23, Suppl., Part 1, 396–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Thoma, H., Holle, J., Moritz, E. andStöhr, H. (1978) Walking after paraplegia—a principle concept. 6th Int. Symp. on Ext. Control of Human Extr., Yugoslav Committee for Electronics & Automation, Dubrovnik, Sept. 1978, 71–80.Google Scholar
  19. Veltink, P. H., van Alsté, J. A. andBoom, H. B. K. (1988a) Simulation of intrafascicular and extraneural nerve stimulation.IEEE Trans.,BME-35, 69–75.Google Scholar
  20. Veltink, P. H., van Alsté, J. A. andBoom, H. B. K. (1988b) Influences of stimulation conditions on recruitment of myelinated nerve fibres: a model study.Ibid., IEEE Trans. BME-35, (in press).Google Scholar
  21. Verveen, A. A. andDerksen, H. E. (1968) Fluctuation phenomena in nerve membrane.Proc. IEEE,6, 906–916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wallinga-de Jonge, W., Boom, H. B. K., Boon, K. L., Griep, P. A. M. andLammeree, G. C. (1980) Force development of fast and slow skeletal muscle at different muscle lengths.Am. J. Physiol.,239, C98-C104.Google Scholar
  23. Wilkie, D. R. (1950) The relation between force and velocity in human muscle.J. Physiol.,110, 249–280.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFMBE 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. H. Veltink
    • 1
  • J. A. van Alsté
    • 1
  • H. B. K. Boom
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomedical Engineering Division, Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations