International Journal of Salt Lake Research

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 329–340 | Cite as

Preliminary characterization of some ArgentineanArtemia populations from La Pampa and Buenos Aires provinces

  • Rosa Graciela Cohen
  • Francisco Amat
  • Francisco Hontoria
  • Juan Carlos Navarro


Artemia populations were sampled in four hypersaline ecosystems in continental evaporitic basins from the Argentinean provinces of La Pampa and Buenos Aires. Biometrics of cysts and nauplii were performed. The morphometrics of adult females under standard culture conditions, studied by multivariate discriminant analysis, provided evidence that these populations belonged to the speciesA. persimilis; this was further supported by cross-breeding tests established between one of these populations (Salinas Grandes de Hidalgo, province of La Pampa) and a population ofA. franciscana from San Francisco Bay (California, USA), which showed reproductive isolation and barriers to gene flow between both populations.

Key words

Artemia A. persimilis biometry cross-breeding 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abreu-Grobois, F.A. 1987. A review of the genetics ofArtemia. In: P. Sorgeloos, D.A. Bengtson, W. Decleir and E. Jaspers (eds)Artemia Research and its Applications, Vol. 1, pp. 61–99. Universa Press, Wetteren, Belgium.Google Scholar
  2. Amat, F., Hontoria, F., Navarro, J.C., Cohen, R.G. and Rodríguez, S. 1994. Aproximación preliminar a la distribución del géneroArtemia (especieA. persimilis) en Argentina. Provincias de Buenos Aires y La Pampa. VIII Congreso Latinoamericano de Acuicultura, Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia, 25–20 octubre, pp. 73–84.Google Scholar
  3. Amat, F., Barata, C., Hontoria, F., Navarro, J.C. and Varó, I. 1995. Biogeography of the genusArtemia (Crustacea, Branchiopoda, Anostraca) in Spain. International Journal of Salt Lake Research 3: 175–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Angelelli, V., Schalamuk, I. and Arrospide, A. 1976. Los yacimientos no metalíferos y rocas dè aplicación de la región Patagonia-Comahue. Anales XVII. Ministerio de Economía. República Argentina, 144 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Barigozzi, C. 1990. Cytogenetics and speciation of the brine shrimpArtemia. Atti della Accademia Nazionale del Lincei (Serie VIII) XIX: 57–84.Google Scholar
  6. Bowen, S.T., Buoncristiani, M. and Carl, J. 1988.Artemia habitats: Ion concentrations tolerated by one superspecies. Hydrobiologia 158: 201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Browne, R.A., Sallee, S.E., Grosch, D.S., Segreti, W.O. and Purser, S.M. 1984. Partitioning genetic and environmental components of reproduction and life-spain inArtemia. Ecology 65: 949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Browne, R.A. and Bowen, S.T. 1991. Taxonomy and population genetics ofArtemia. In: R.A. Browne, P. Sorgeloos and C.N.A. Trotman (eds)Artemia Biology, pp. 221–235, CRC, Boca Raton. Florida.Google Scholar
  9. Camara, M.R. and de Medeiros Rocha, R. 1987.Artemia culture in Brazil: an overview. In: P. Sorgeloos, D.A. Bengtson, W. Decleir and E. Jaspers (eds)Artemia Research and its Applications, Vol. 3, pp. 195–199. Universa Press, Wetteren, Belgium.Google Scholar
  10. Cohen, R.G. 1995. Crustacea Anostraca. In: E.C. Lopretto and G. Tell (eds) Ecosistemas de Aguas Continentales, pp. 871–895. Metodologías de estudio. Ediciones Sur. La Plata, Argentina.Google Scholar
  11. Cohen, R.G. 1998. Anostraca. In: J.J. Morrone y S. Coscarón (eds) Biodiversidad de Artrópodos Argentinos, pp. 491–501. Ediciones Sur. La Plata, Argentina.Google Scholar
  12. Coyne, J.A. 1992. Genetics and speciation. Nature 355: 511–515.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Coyne, J.A. and Orr, H.A. 1989. Two rules of speciation. In: D. Otte and J. Endler (eds) Speciation and its Consequences. pp. 180–207. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  14. Drago, E. and Quirós, R.E. 1996. The hydrochemistry of the inland waters of Argentina: A review. International Journal of Salt Lake Research 4: 315–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gajardo, G. and Beardmore, J.A. 1989. Ability to switch reproductive mode inArtemia is related to maternal heterozygosity. Marine Ecology Progress Series 55: 191–195.Google Scholar
  16. Gajardo, G., da Conceição, M., Weber, L. and Beardmore, J.A. 1995. Genetic variability and interpopulational differentiation ofArtemia strains from South America. Hydrobiologia 302: 21–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Halfer-Cervini, A.M., Piccinelli, M., Prosdocimi, T. and Baratelli-Zambruni, L. 1968. Sibling species inArtemia (Crustacea: Branchiopoda). Evolution 22: 373–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hontoria, F. 1990. Caracterización de tres poblaciones originarias del area levantina española del crustáceo branquiópodoArtemia. Aplicación en acuicultura. Ph. D. Thesis, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. 326 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Hontoria, F. and Amat, F. 1992. Morphological characterization of adultArtemia (Crustacea, Branchiopoda) from different geographical origins. American populations. Journal of Plankton Research 14: 1461–1471.Google Scholar
  20. Narciso, L. 1989. The brine shrimpArtemia sp.: An example of the danger of introduced species in aquaculture. ESA Special Publication 10: 183–184.Google Scholar
  21. Orr, H.A. 1997. Haldane's rule. In: D.G. Fautin, D.J. Futuyma and F.C. James (eds) Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Vol. 28, pp. 195–218. Annual Reviews, Inc., Palo Alto, California.Google Scholar
  22. Piccinelli, M. and Prosdocimi, T. 1968. Descrizione tassonomica delle due specieArtemia salina L. eArtemia persimilis n. sp. Istituto Lombardo (Rendicontti di Scienze) B 102: 113–118.Google Scholar
  23. Rodríguez Gil, S., Papeschi, G. and Cohen, R.G. 1998. Mitotic and meiotic chromosomes ofArtemia (Branchiopoda) from populations of La Pampa provincé, Argentina. Journal of Crustacean Biology 18: 36–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Russo, A., Ferello, R. and Chebli, G. 1979. Llanura Chaco-Pampeana. II Simposio de Geología Regional Argentina. Cordoba, Argentina. Tomo I: 139–183.Google Scholar
  25. Thièry, A. and Robert, F. 1992. Bisexual populations of the brine shrimpArtemia in Sète-Villeroy and Villeneuve saltworks (Languedoc, France). Int. J. Salt Lake Res. 1: 47–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Triantaphyllidis, G.V., Abatzopoulos, T.J. and Sorgeloos, P. 1998. Review of the biogeography of the genusArtemia (Crustacea, Anostraca). J. Biogeography 25: 213–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vanhaecke, P., Steyaert, H. and Sorgeloos, P. 1980. The use of Coulter Counter equipment for the biometrical analysis ofArtemia cysts. Methodology and mathematics. In: G. Persoone, P. Sorgeloos, O. Roels and E. Jaspers (eds) The Brine ShrimpArtemia, Vol. 1, pp. 107–115. Universa Press, Wetteren, Belgium.Google Scholar
  28. Vanhaecke, P., Tackaert, W. and Sorgeloos, P. 1987. The biogeography ofArtemia: An updated review. In: P. Sorgeloos, D.A. Bengtson, W. Decleir and E. Jaspers (eds).Artemia Research and its Applications, Vol. 1, pp. 129–155. Universa Press, Wetteren, Belgium.Google Scholar
  29. Zúñiga, O., Wilson, R., Amat, F. and Hontoria, F. 1999. Distribution and characterization of Chilean populations of the brine shrimpArtemia (Crustacea, Branchiopoda, Anostraca). Int. J. Salt Lake Res. 8(1): 23–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosa Graciela Cohen
    • 1
  • Francisco Amat
    • 2
  • Francisco Hontoria
    • 2
  • Juan Carlos Navarro
    • 2
  1. 1.Departmento de Ciencias Biológicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Instituto de Acuicultura de Torre de la Sal (CSIC)CastellónEspaña

Personalised recommendations