Advertisement

International Journal of Anthropology

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 37–46 | Cite as

Tooth size and arcadal length correlates in man

  • J. A. Kieser
  • H. T. Groeneveld
Article

Abstract

Intra-arcadal mesiodistal and buccolingual tooth size correlations were evaluated in a sample of 125 caucasoids with ideal occlusion. Dental dimensions were corrected for arcade mength (as a measure of jaw size) by a series of regression analyses of each mesiodistal dimension on the sum of the mesiodistal dimensions within each arcade. Regression coefficients of tooth dimension on arcade length were calculated to gain an insight into the dimensional sensitivity of individual teeth to arcade length variation. The data presented here suggest a strong association between arcadal length (jaw size) dependence, and the dimensional stability of individual teeth. When corrected for arcade length, a definite pattern of tooth size correlation emerges: postcanine maxillary and mandibular teeth are negatively correlated to the anterior teeth and are positively correlated to one another. The hypothesis is developed that anterior and postcanine teeth should be viewed as two separate and negatively size-correlated units, beyond the boundaries of the four morphological tooth classes. Recognition of this basic dichotomous size arrangement within each jaw allows for a reassessment of some of the problems associated with hominid dental evolution.

Keywords

Dental evolution odontometry 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arya B.S., Savara B.S., Thomas D. &Clarkson O., 1974.Relation of sex and occlusion to mesiodistal tooth size. American Journal of Orthodontics, 66: 479–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Axelsson G. &Kirveskari P., 1983.Crown size of permanent teeth in Icelanders. Acta Odontologica Scandinavia, 41: 181–186.Google Scholar
  3. Brace C.L., 1967.Environment, tooth form and size in the Pleistocene. Journal of Dental Research, 46: 809–816.Google Scholar
  4. Butler P.M., 1939.Studies of the mammalian dentation — differentition of the postcanine dentition. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, London, 109: 1–36.Google Scholar
  5. Dahlberg A.A., 1945.The changing dentition of man. Journal of the American Dental Association, 32: 676–690.Google Scholar
  6. Finkel D., 1981.An analysys of the Australopithecine dentition. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 55: 69–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Garn S.M., Lewis A.B. &Kerewsky R., 1965.Size interrelationships of the mesial and distal teeth. Journal of Dental Research, 44: 350–354.Google Scholar
  8. Garn S.M., Lewis A.B. &Kerewsky R., 1966.The meaning of bilateral asymmetry in the permanent dentition. Angle Orthodontist, 36: 55–62.Google Scholar
  9. Gingerich P.D. &Ryan A.S., 1979.Dental and cranial variation in living Idriidae. Primates, 20: 141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gingerich P.D. &Schoeninger M.J., 1979.Patterns of tooth size variability in the dentition of Primates. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 51: 457–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gingerich P.D. &Smith B.H., 1985.Allometric scaling in the dentition of Primates and Insectivores. In (W.L. Jungers, Ed.) Size and Scaling in Primate Biology. New York: Plenum Press, pp. 257–264.Google Scholar
  12. Goldstein S., Post D. &Melnick D., 1978.An analysis of cercopithecoids odontometrics, 1: the scaling of the maxillary dentition. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 49: 517–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Groves C.P. &Napier J.R., 1968.Dental dimensions and diet in australopithecines. Proceedings of the Eighth Congress of Anthropology and Ethnological Sciences, 3: 273–276.Google Scholar
  14. Harris E.F. &Nweeia M.T., 1980.Tooth size of Ticuna Indians, Colombia, with phenetic comparisons to other Amerindians. American Journal of Pysical Anthropology, 53: 81–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hylander W., 1975.Incisor size and diet in anthropoids with special reference to Cercopithecidae. Science, 189: 1095–1098.Google Scholar
  16. Kay R.F., 1975.The functional adaptations of primate molar teeth. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 43: 195–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kieser J.A., 1985.An odontometric analysis of The early Griqua dentition. Anthropologischer Anzeiger, 43: 51–58.Google Scholar
  18. Kieser J.A., 1986.Odontogenic polarity and Butler's field theory. Medical Hypothesis, 20: 103–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kieser J.A., Groeneveld H.T. &Preston C.B., 1985 a.Compensatory tooth size interaction in an preliterate population. Journal of Human Evolution. 14: 739–745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kieser J.A., Groeneveld H.T. &Preston C.B., 1985 b.A metric analysis of the South African caucasoid dentition. Journal of the Dental Association of South Africa, 40: 121–125.Google Scholar
  21. Kieser J.A., Groeneveld H.T. &Preston C.B., 1985 c.An odontometric analysis of the Lengua Indian dentition. Human Biology, 37: 611–620.Google Scholar
  22. Kieser J.A., Groeneveld H.T. &Preston C.B., 1986.On the non-existence of compensatory tooth size interactions in a contemporary caucasoid populatio. Journal of Dental Research, 65: 1105–1107.Google Scholar
  23. Kolakowski D. &Bailit H.L., 1981.A differential environmental effect on human anterior tooth size. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 54: 377–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Leakey L.S.B., Tobias P.V. &Napier, J.R., 1964.A new species of the genus Homo from Olduvai Gorge. Nature, 202: 7–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lunt D.A., 1969.An odontometric study of mediaeval Danes. Acta Odontologica Scandinavia, 27 (Supplement 55).Google Scholar
  26. Mizoguchi Y., 1981.Variation units in the human permanent dentition. Bulletin of the National Science museum, Tokyo (D) 7: 29–39.Google Scholar
  27. Mizoguchi Y., 1983.Influences of the earlier developing teeth upon the later developing teeth. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo (D) 9: 33–45.Google Scholar
  28. Moorrees C.F.A. &Reed R.b., 1964.Correlation among crown diameters of human teeth. Archives of Oral Biology, 9: 685–697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Moss M.L., Chase P.S. &Howes R.I., 1967.Comparative odontometry of the permanent postcanine dentition of American Whites and Negroes. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 27: 125–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Osborne R.J., 1967.Some genetic problems in interpreting the evolution of the human dentition. Journal of Dental Research, 46: 945–948.Google Scholar
  31. Pirie P.L., 1978.Allometric scaling in the postcanine dentition with reference to primate diets.Primates, 19: 583–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Richardson E.R. &Malhotra S.K., 1975.Mesiodistal crown diameters of the permanent dentition of American Negroes. American Journal of Orthodontics 68: 157–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Robinson J.T., 1954.Prehominid dentition and hominid evolution. Evolution, 8: 324–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Scilli P.W., 1979.Size and morphology of the permanent dentition of prehistoric Ohio Valley Amerindias. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 50: 615–628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Singh M. &Nanda R.S., 1972.Prediction of tooth size and its clinical application. Journal of the Indian Dental Association, 44: 95–98.Google Scholar
  36. Sofaer J.A., 1973.A model relating developmental interaction and differential evolutionary reduction of tooth size. Evolution, 27: 427–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sofaer J.A., Bailit H.L. &MacLean C.J., 1971.A development basis for differential tooth reduction during hominid evolution. Evolution, 25: 509–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sofaer J.A., Chung C.S., Niswander J.D. &Runck D.W., 1971.Developmental interaction, size and agenesis among permanent maxillary incisors. Human Biology, 43: 36–45.Google Scholar
  39. Tobias P.V., 1955.Teeth jaws and genes. Journal of the Dental Association of South Africa, 10: 88–104.Google Scholar
  40. Tobias P.V., 1966.The distinctiveness of Homo Habilis. Nature, 204: 953–957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Tobias P.V., 1985.Punctuational and phyletic evolution in the hominids. In (E.S. Vrba, Ed.) Species and speciation. Transvaal Museum Monograph, 4: 131–141.Google Scholar
  42. Townsend G.C. &Brown T., 1980.Dental asymmetry in Australian aboriginals. Human Biology, 52: 661–673.Google Scholar
  43. Trinkhaus E., 1983.The Shanidar Neanderthals. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  44. Wallace J., 1978.Evolutionary trends in the early hominid dentition. In (C.J. Jolly, Ed.) Early Hominids in Africa. London: Duckworth, pp. 285–310.Google Scholar
  45. Wolpoff M.H., 1990.Analogies and interpretation in palaeoanthropology. In (C.J. Jolly, Ed.) Early Hominids in Africa. London: Duckworth, pp. 641–704.Google Scholar
  46. Wood B.A., 1981.Tooth size and shape and their relevance to studies of hominid evolution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B, 292: 65–76.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Editrice II Sedicesimo 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Kieser
    • 1
  • H. T. Groeneveld
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Orthodontics, School of DentistryWitwatersrand University and Department of Anatomy, Medical School, Witwatersrand UniversityJohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of StatisticsPretoria UniversityPretoriaSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations