Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 709–718 | Cite as

Multi-branched model of the human arterial system

  • A. P. Avolio


A model of the human arterial system was constructed based on the anatomical branching structure of the arterial tree. Arteries were divided into segments represented by uniform thin-walled elastic tubes with realistic arterial dimensions and wall properties. The configuration contains 128 segments accounting for all the central vessels and major peripheral arteries supplying the extremities including vessels of the order of 2·0 mm diameter. Vascular impedance and pressure and flow waveforms were determined at various locations in the system and good agreement was found with experimental measurements. Use of the model is illustrated in investigating wave propagation in the arterial system and in simulation of arterial dynamics in such pathological conditions as arteriosclerosis and presence of a stenosis in the femoral artery.


Arterial branching Arterial model Elastic tubes Vascular impedance Wave reflection 



blood density


pulse wave velocity


Poisson ratio for arterial wall


the expression\(\frac{{2J_1 \left( {\alpha j^{{3 \mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {3 2}} \right. \kern-\nulldelimiterspace} 2}} } \right)}}{{\alpha j^{{3 \mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {3 2}} \right. \kern-\nulldelimiterspace} 2}} J_0 \left( {\alpha j^{{3 \mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {3 2}} \right. \kern-\nulldelimiterspace} 2}} } \right)}}\). whereJ 0 andJ 1 are Bessel functions of the first kind, and order zero and one, respectively, and\(\alpha = R_0 \sqrt {{{\omega \rho } \mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {{\omega \rho } \mu }} \right. \kern-\nulldelimiterspace} \mu }} \)


propagation constant


angular frequency


Young's modulus of arterial wall


wall thickness


internal radius of arterial segment


viscoelasticity of the arterial wall


reflection coefficient


blood viscosity


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Copyright information

© IFMBE 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. P. Avolio
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Professorial UnitSt. Vincent's HospitalSydneyAustralia

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