Comparison of electrode impedances of Pt, PtIr (10% Ir) and Ir-AIROF electrodes used in electrophysiological experiments

  • F. L. H. Gielen
  • P. Bergveld


In tissue impedance measurements with the 4-electrode assembly, unexpected difficulties may occur because a combination of electrode impedance and stray capacitance in the array of four electrodes, can lead to serious measuring failures in the low-frequency range. An optimal solution to this problem can be obtained if the electrode impedances are frequency independent. A comparative study of the electrode impedances of Pt and PtIr electrodes and of a new electrode material (Ir-AIROF) is reported. It is shown that the impedance of Ir-AIROF electrodes is relatively low and almost frequency independent. Therefore the use of Ir-AIROF electrodes provides a solution to the problem mentioned above.


Electrode impedance Four-electrode assembly Iridium electrodes Tissue impedance 


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Copyright information

© IFMBE 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. L. H. Gielen
    • 1
  • P. Bergveld
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering, Bio-information GroupTwente University of TechnologyEnschedeThe Netherlands

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