Pressure-radius relationships for elastic tubes and their application to arteries: Part 1-Theoretical relationships
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The displacement relationships describing the deformation of an elastic vessel under excess internal pressure which are derived from different theories of elasticity are compared. The main result of the comparison is that theories which take account of the thickness of the wall of the vessel produce a significantly better representation than those theories which treat the wall as a membrane. The classical and statistical theories of thick-walled tubes result in complicated pressure-radius relationships. It is shown that there is little difference between the results of the more exact theories and those for a thin membrane corrected by means of a simple thickness factor. A review of the different theories is necessary to decide which pressure-displacement relationship to apply as an approximation for the elastic properties of arteries. An indication is given of the manner in which the relationship is used in numerical computations. In Part 2 the experimental determination of the pressure-radius relationship for a rubber tube is described. The results are in agreement with the conclusions of the comparison of theoretical treatments in Part 1.
KeywordsHaemodynamics Modelling Pulsatile flow
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