, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 401–412 | Cite as

Telemedicine and telepharmaceutical services: A model to improve maldistribution of medical resources between regions & urban/rural sectors in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia

  • Abou-Shaaban Rafiq R. A. 
  • Niazy Esmail M. 


A national satelite telecommunication model, which can be started by using Arabsat, was proposed to overcome the self-limiting geographical barrier and the maldistribution of clinical resources in the Kingdom. A national medical and phrmaceutical survey performed by the King Saud University showed an overwhelming acceptance of telemedicine (95.2%), telepharmaceutical (97%), telediagnosis (95.4%), urgent teleconsultation (for urgent operations) (74.5%) and for linking ambulance with hospitals (85.1%), continuing education via Arabsat (for physicians) (88.9%), medical technical staff (96.5%), pharmacists (75%) and public (91.5%), commercial marketing computer link for drug product and medical supply (92%) and centralizing Drug and Poison Information Centre (DPIC) (to provide information on drug interaction) (96%), drug substitution (92.5%) of novel and delivery systems (90.5%). Implementation of both telemedicine and telepharmaceutical services shall have an implication on improving the competency of medical staff, better health-care impact on citizen and better utilization of medical resources.


Medical Resource Hospital Pharmacy Satellite Communication Medical Supply Good Utilization 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abou-Shaaban Rafiq R. A. 
    • 1
  • Niazy Esmail M. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of PharmaceuticsKing Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia

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