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A newHomo erectus cranium from Sangiran, Java

Abstract

A newHomo erectus cranium was found on May 18, 1993 by Budi, a local farmer, at Sangiran. It dates from the Middle Pucangan Formation approximately 1.6–1.8 mya. The braincase is essentially complete and as is most of the face. The vault has the typicalH. erectus gable shape. There is a clear sagittal ridge beginning below the middle of the frontal squama and running to mid-parietal. Parasagittal ridges are rounded angulations halfway up the parietals, and coincide with poorly marked temporal lines. In all measurements, this skull is longer and consistently narrower than Trinil. It is chronologically and morphologically similar to the famousH. erectus skull from east Africa, KNMER-3733. Although existing much older, this new specimen is what one would expect a female counterpart to Sangiran 17 to look like.

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Tyler, D.E., Sartono, S. A newHomo erectus cranium from Sangiran, Java. Hum. Evol. 16, 13–25 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02438919

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Key words

  • Homo erectus
  • Human Evolution
  • Indonesia