Applied Mathematics and Mechanics

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 261–269 | Cite as

Poincare-lighthill-kuo method and symbolic computation

  • Dai Shi-qiang
Paper of Special Issue of Appl Math Mech on 20th Anniversary


This paper elucidates the effectiveness of combining the Poincare-Lighthill-Kuo method (PLK method, for short) and symbolic computation. Firstly, the idea and history of the PLK method are briefly introduced. Then, the difficulty of intermediate expression swell, often encountered in symbolic computation, is outlined. For overcoming the difficulty, a semi-inverse algorithm was proposed by the author, with which the lengthy parts of intermediate expressions are first frozen in the form of symbols till the final stage of seeking perturbation solutions. To discuss the applications of the above algorithm, the related work of the author and his research group on nonlinear oscillations and waves is concisely reviewed. The computer-extended perturbation solution of the Duffing equation shows that the asymptotic solution obtained with the PLK method possesses the convergence radius of1 and thus the range of validity of the solution is considerably enlarged. The studies on internal solitary waves in stratified fluid and on the head-on collision between two solitary waves in a hyperelastic rod indicate that by means of the presented methods, very complicated manipulation, unconceivable in hand calculation, can be conducted and thus result in higher-order evolution equations and asymptotic solutions. The examples illustrate that the algorithm helps to realize the symbolic computation on micro-commputers. Finally, it is concluded that with the aid of symbolic computation, the vitality of the PLK method is greatly strengthened and at least for the solutions to conservative systems of oscillations and waves, it is a powerful tool.

Key words

PLK method perturbation methods symbolic computation intermediate expression swell semi-inverse algorithm 

CLC number



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Copyright information

© Editorial Committee of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dai Shi-qiang
    • 1
  1. 1.Shanghai Institute of Applied Mathematics and MechanicsShanghai UniversityShanghaiP R China

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