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Human Evolution

, Volume 12, Issue 1–2, pp 43–45 | Cite as

The replacement of generations, a basic necessity in the life of human populations

  • E. Crognier
Article
  • 14 Downloads

Keywords

Total Fertility Rate Natural Fertility Reproductive Maturity Basic Necessity Complete Family Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Bongaarts and Potter, 1983. Fertility, biology and behavior: an analysisof the proximate determinants, New York, Academic PressGoogle Scholar
  2. Frank, O., 1983. Infertility in Sub-Saharan Africa: estimates and implications. Population and Development Review, 9,1,137–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gomila, J., 1975. Fertility differentials and their significance for human evolution. In: The role of Natural selection in human evolution, F.M. Salzano ed., North-Holland Pbl. Co., 156–185.Google Scholar
  4. Hajnal, J., 1965. European marriage patterns in perspective. In: Population in history: essays in historical demography D.V. Glass & D.E.C. Eversley eds. Arnold Pbl. London, 12–67Google Scholar
  5. Hansen, O, 1979. From natural to controled fertility: studies in fertility as a factor in the process of economic and social development in Greenland c. 1851–1975. In:Natural Fertility, H. Leridon & J. Menken eds. Ordina Pbl. Belgium, 495–547Google Scholar
  6. Pennimgton, R., & Harpending, H., 1991. Infertility in Herero pastoralists of Southern Africa. American Journal of Human Biology, 3, 135–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Retel-Laurentin, A., 1974,Infécondité en Afrique Noire. Maladies et conséquences sociales. Masson Pbl., ParisGoogle Scholar
  8. Smith, R., M., 1988. Natural fertility in pre-industrial Europe. In:Natural human fertility, P. Diggory, M. Potts and S. Teper eds, Mac Millan Press, 70–78.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Institute for the Study of Man 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Crognier
    • 1
  1. 1.U.M.R. 6578 CNRS Adaptabilité HumaineUniv. de la MediterranéeMarseilleFrance

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