Diffusion of solvents and cations in porous sol-gel glass
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Diffusion coefficients for water, cyclohexane, toluene, chloroform, acetone and acetonitrile in porous sol-gel glass were determined using the diaphragm and radioactive tracer techniques. Polar solvents were found to diffuse faster than nonpolar solvent within porous sol-gel glass. The diffusion coefficients of Nd3+ and Er3+ inside porous sol-gel glass were determined from concentration profiles within monoliths impregnated by 1.6M rare earth salts dissolved in either acetone or water. To study the effects of ligands on the diffusion, four different erbium salts were used: nitrate, chloride, bromide, and perchloride. It was found that the diffusion rate increases with decreasing radius of rare earth coordination sphere.
Keywordsdiffusion acetone cyclohexane erbium and neodymium
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