Population and Environment

, Volume 21, Issue 5, pp 429–468 | Cite as

Residential expansion as a continental threat to U.S. coastal ecosystems

Article

Abstract

Spatially extensive analysis of satellite, climate, and census data reveals human-environment interactions of regional or continental concern in the United States. A grid-based principal components analysis of Bureau of Census variables revealed two independent demographic phenomena, α-settlement reflecting traditional human settlement patterns and β-settlement describing relative population growth correlated with recent construction in non-agricultural areas, notably in coastal, desert, and “recreational” counties and around expanding metropolitan areas. Regression tree analysis showed that β-settlement was differentially associated with five distinct combinations of seasonality, summer heat or cool, intensity of agriculture, and extent of “barren” land. Beta-settlement was greatest in coastal and desert areas, and coincided with national concentrations of threatened and endangered species.

Keywords

Land Cover Barren Land Landscape Metrics Barrier Island Regression Tree Analysis 

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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. G. Bartlett
    • 1
  • D. M. Mageean
    • 1
  • R. J. O'Connor
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MaineUSA

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