Human Evolution

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 73–86 | Cite as

The taxonomy of neolithic man and its phylogenetic relationship to later paleolithic man and modern man in China



In approaching the taxonomy of Neolithic Man and its phylogenetic relationship to Later Paleolithic Man and Modern Man in China, the statistical methods used here are Penrose's shape distance and PCA (Principal Component Analysis). The scattergram based on principal component scores, combines the dendrogram based on Penrose's shape distance, and takes the male taxonomy into main consideration, but takes the female taxonomy — as a reference only because the differentiations in physical characteristics among male populations generally are rather larger than those among the female populations. Thus according to this scattergram, Neolithic Man in China can be divided into two large groups: the Northern China group, and the Southern China group. The theory is that in Hengzhen there exist some blood mixtures between the Southern China Group and the Northern China Group (especially the third subgroup) of Neolithic Man. Later Paleolithic Man of China — Liujiang and Upper-Cave Man — can also clearly distinguished from the rest of Neolithic Man in China in the scattergram, and can be considered as two different local types of Later Paleolithic Man. So-called “Negro-Australoid” racial traits can themselves be doubtlessly traced back to Later Paleolithic Man of China — Liujiang and Upper-cave Man. These traits are the intrinsic characteristics of Neolithic Man in China and only then is there slight difference in the extent of the manifestation of these traits in the population.

Key words

Neolithic Man Later Paleolithic Man Penrose's Shape Distance Principal component scores China 


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Copyright information

© Editrice Il Sedicesimo 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and PaleoanthropologyAcademia SinicaBeijing (28)China

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