Zeroth law of thermodynamics and transitivity of simultaneity

  • Zhao Zheng
  • Ping Chen


The transitivity of thermal equilibrium is equivalent to the transitivity of clock rate synchronization. The condition of clock rate synchronization in general relativity is shown, which is weaker than time-orthogonality.


Thermal Equilibrium Curve Spacetime Clock Rate Imaginary Time Thermal Equilibrium State 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhao Zheng
    • 1
  • Ping Chen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Center for Studies in Statistical Mechanics and Complex SystemsUniversity of Texas at AustinAustin

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