Effects of synthetic bis-β-chloroethylamine estrogen derivatives on proliferation of skin sarcoma cells
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The effects of four new synthetic bis-β-chloroethylamine-containing estrogens and known cytostatic agents chlorophenacyl and estradiol mustard were compared on monolayer cultures of transformed L-929 fibroblasts (from murine skin sarcoma). The drugs within the concentration range of 10−5-5×10−7M inhibited proliferation of cultured cells by 67%. Chlorophenacyl displayed the least antiproliferative activity (15% inhibition at 10−5M). Steroid nucleus introduced into the molecule enhanced antiproliferative activity of test drug in comparison with chlorophenacyl, probably due to accumulation of the hormone-cytostatic molecules in cells. Estradiol had no effect on proliferative activity of L-929 cells, and no specific estrogen-binding sites were found in cultured transformed fibroblasts. The antiproliferative effect of hormone-cytostatics on this culture is not mediated via specific interactions with estrogen receptors.
Key Wordscytostatic estrogens cell culture transformed fibroblasts
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