Elastic constants and thermal expansion of aluminum-SiC metal-matrix composites
The elastic behavior and the thermal expansivity of metal-matrix composites have been investigated using ultrasonic velocity and strain gage measurements. The composites used in this study consisted of three aluminum alloys reinforced with different concentrations of SiC particles. The results show that the elastic constants increase and the coefficients of thermal expansion decrease with particle content. The results also show that the behavior of elastic constants with reinforcement can be best represented by the calculations of the upper and lower bounds of Hashin and Shtrikman. The behavior of thermal expansion, however, agrees with bounds developed by Schapery. In addition, both properties are found to be related through a model linking the strain to the elastic and thermal stresses in the composite. This relationship gives promise for the nondestructive characterization of the composites using these measurements.
KeywordsThermal Expansion Elastic Constant Bulk Modulus Ultrasonic Velocity Direction Fraction
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