Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine

, Volume 128, Issue 4, pp 1045–1048 | Cite as

Mechanisms of generation of slow components of bioelectric activity in diagnostics of functional state of the gastrointestinal tract

  • V. N. Yakovenko
Experimental Methods for Clinical Practice


New electrophysiologic devices were used for the diagnostics of the state of excitable structures in the gastrointestinal tract and correction of their motor functions. Bioelectrical and biomechanical activities form the basis of functioning of internal organs. The mechanisms of generation of slow bioelectrical activity that are important for clinical and physiological studies are described. One of these mechanisms is a capacitance parametric transducer converting the energy of contractions into specific electric signals reflecting muscle functions. Another mechanism results from slow oscillations of resting potentials of interrelated excitable cells in large neuromuscular structures of internal organs. The elaborated procedure is efficient for preventing early postoperative paresis of the gastrointestinal tract.

Key Words

electroenterogastrography functional state of internal organs electrostimulation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    E. B. Babskii, A. A. Zubkov, G. I. Kositskii, and B. I. Khodorov,Human Physiology [in Russian], 2nd Ed., Moscow (1972), pp. 372–376.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. M. Lobankov,Myoelectrical Activity of the Stomach and Choice of Surgery in Patients with Duodenal Ulcers, Abstract of Cand. Med. Sci. Dissertation, Moscow (1992).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chemical Encyclopedia [in Russian], Ed. I. L. Knunyants, Moscow (1992), Vol. 2, pp. 1–4.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. I. Khodorov,General Physiology of Excitable Membranes [in Russian], Moscow (1975).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. N. Yakovenko and S. V. Yakovenko,Selective Electroenterogastrograph, Russian Inventor's Certificate No. 2023419 (November 30, 1994), Byull. Izobret., No. 22 (1994).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. N. Yakovenko, S. V. Yakovenko, and V. I. Smirnova,Electric Stimulator of GIT, Russian Inventor's Certificate No. 2062126 (June 20, 1996), Byull. Izobret., No. 17 (1996).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. H. Szurszewsky,Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract, 2nd Ed., Ed. L. R. Johnson, New York (1987), 383–416.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. N. Yakovenko
    • 1
  1. 1.A. V. Vishnevskii Institute of SurgeryRussian Academy of Medical SciencesMoscow

Personalised recommendations