Pearl culture and the islanders' society of the torres strait
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Islanders of the Torres Strait are originally skilled seamen. They have rich and correct knowledge about the physical circumstances of the sea, and of the ecological conditions of the maritime resources. The strait itself is the best fishing ground of natural pearl throughout the Pacific waters, then, pearl-seekers came from Sydney and pearls were sold even in London. Of course, Islanders were employed as labourers of diver-boats, on which they made intimate relation to Japanese divers who had excellent ability of diving and pearl-collecting.
After World War II, new marine industry was introduced by Japanese, that is, pearl-culturing. Australia-Japan joint enterprises settled their pearl-farms in the strait, and Islanders found their good job with desirable incomes there. Moreover, they are getting some special technics of sea affairs in this industry.
Author explains the cultural change of Islanders' society concerned with pearl-culturing in these decades.
KeywordsBroome Torres Strait Island Green Turtle Fishing Ground Culture Industry
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