Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 244–252 | Cite as

Gulf of Mexico hydrocarbon seep communities: VI. Patterns in community structure and habitat

  • I. Rosman MacDonald
  • Norman L. GuinassoJr.
  • James F. Reilly
  • James M. Brooks
  • W. Russell Callender
  • Steve G. Gabrielle
Article

Abstract

Communities of chemosynthetic fauna that depend on seeping oil and gas have been found in the Gulf of Mexico at approximately 45 sites between 88°W and 95°W and between the 350 and 2,200 m isobaths. Investigations suggest that the number of sites and the range of occurrence will increase with additional exploration. The dominant fauna consist of species within four groups: tube worms, seep mussels, epibenthic clams, and infaunal clams. These species co-occur to some degree, but tend to form assemblages dominated by a single group. Community development is closely coupled to the geological and geochemical processes of seepage.

Keywords

Hydrocarbon Community Structure Community Development Single Group Geochemical Process 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Rosman MacDonald
    • 1
  • Norman L. GuinassoJr.
    • 1
  • James F. Reilly
    • 2
  • James M. Brooks
    • 1
  • W. Russell Callender
    • 3
  • Steve G. Gabrielle
    • 4
  1. 1.Geochemical and Environmental Research GroupTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Enserch Exploration Inc.DallasUSA
  3. 3.Department of GeologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  4. 4.U.S. NavyLedyardUSA

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