Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 244–252 | Cite as

Gulf of Mexico hydrocarbon seep communities: VI. Patterns in community structure and habitat

  • I. Rosman MacDonald
  • Norman L. GuinassoJr.
  • James F. Reilly
  • James M. Brooks
  • W. Russell Callender
  • Steve G. Gabrielle


Communities of chemosynthetic fauna that depend on seeping oil and gas have been found in the Gulf of Mexico at approximately 45 sites between 88°W and 95°W and between the 350 and 2,200 m isobaths. Investigations suggest that the number of sites and the range of occurrence will increase with additional exploration. The dominant fauna consist of species within four groups: tube worms, seep mussels, epibenthic clams, and infaunal clams. These species co-occur to some degree, but tend to form assemblages dominated by a single group. Community development is closely coupled to the geological and geochemical processes of seepage.


Hydrocarbon Community Structure Community Development Single Group Geochemical Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Rosman MacDonald
    • 1
  • Norman L. GuinassoJr.
    • 1
  • James F. Reilly
    • 2
  • James M. Brooks
    • 1
  • W. Russell Callender
    • 3
  • Steve G. Gabrielle
    • 4
  1. 1.Geochemical and Environmental Research GroupTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Enserch Exploration Inc.DallasUSA
  3. 3.Department of GeologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  4. 4.U.S. NavyLedyardUSA

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