Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing

, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp 694–702 | Cite as

Resistor mesh model of a spherical head: Part 1: Applications to scalp potential interpolation

  • N. Chauveau
  • J. P. Morucci
  • X. Franceries
  • P. Celsis
  • B. Rigaud
Article

Abstract

A resistor mesh model (RMM) has been implemented to describe the electrical properties of the head and the configuration of the intracerebral current sources by simulation of forward and inverse problems in electroencephalogram/ event related potential (EEG/ERP) studies. For this study, the RMM representing the three basic tissues of the human head (brain, skull and scalp) was superimposed on a spherical volume mimicking the head volume: it included 43 102 resistances and 14 123 nodes. The validation was performed with reference to the analytical model by consideration of a set of four dipoles close to the cortex. Using the RMM and the chosen dipoles, four distinct families of interpolation technique (nearest neighbour, polynomial, splines and lead fields) were tested and compared so that the scalp potentials could be recovered from the electrode potentials. The 3D spline interpolation and the inverse forward technique (IFT) gave the best results. The IFT is very easy to use when the lead-field matrix between scalp electrodes and cortex nodes has been calculated. By simple application of the Moore-Penrose pseudo inverse matrix to the electrode cap potentials, a set of current sources on the cortex is obtained. Then, the forward problem using these cortex sources renders all the scalp potentials.

Keywords

EEG/ERP Modelling Interpolation Resistor 

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Copyright information

© IFMBE 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Chauveau
    • 1
  • J. P. Morucci
    • 1
    • 2
  • X. Franceries
    • 2
  • P. Celsis
    • 1
  • B. Rigaud
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche MédicaleToulouseFrance
  2. 2.Paul Sabatier UniversityToulouseFrance
  3. 3.Jean-François Champollion University CenterCastresFrance

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