Experimental Mechanics

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 351–358 | Cite as

Three-dimensional investigation of thick single-lap bolted joints

  • F. Iancu
  • X. Ding
  • G. L. Cloud
  • B. B. Raju


Stresses in single-lap bolted joints of thick plates are complex and difficult to analyze. Previous studies involving stresses through the thickness of bolted joints have been limited to finite element method (FEM) simulations and have been implemented only for the joining of relatively thin plates. In this paper we report on several experimental and numerical analyses that were conducted to evaluate the stress distribution inside thick bolted plates along the bearing plane normal to the plate surface. Experimental analysis was conducted via embedded-polariscope photoelasticity and embedded resistance strain gages. The FEM analysis was performed with the ABAQUS commercial code using material properties and other data obtained experimentally as input. Experimental and numerical results agreed reasonably well, and are believed to depict the behavior of the joint under load well enough to assist in development of improved joint design.

Key Words

Mechanical fastening single-lap bolted joint FEA photoelasticity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Camanho, P.P. andMatthews, F.L., “Stress Analysis and Strength Prediction of Mechanically Fastened Joints in FRP: A Review,”Composites,28A (6),529–547 (1997).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dano, M.L., Gendron, G., andPicard, A., “Stress and Failure Analysis of Mechanically Fastened Joints in Composite Laminates,”Composite Structures,50,287–296 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ireman, T., Ranvik, T., andEriksson, I., “On Damage Development in Mechanically Fastened Composite Laminates,”Composite Structures,49,151–171 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    McCarthy, M.A., Lawlor, V.P., Stanley, W.F., andMcCarthy, C.T., “Bolt-hole Clearance Effects and Strength Criteria in Single-bolt, Singlelap, Composite Joints,”Composite Science and Technology,62,1415–1431 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Park, H.J., “Effects of Stacking Sequence and Clamping Force on the Bearing Strengths of Mechanically Fastened Joints in Composite Laminates,”Composite Structures,53,213–221 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Starikov, R. andSchon, J., “Quasi-static Behavior of Composite Joints with Protruding-head Bolts,”Composite Structures 51,411–425 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zetterberg, T., Astrom, B.T., Backlind, J., andBurman, M., “On Design of Joints Between Composite Profiles for Bridge Deck Applications,”Composite Structures,51,83–91 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chen, W.H., Lee, S.S., andYeh, J.T., “Three-dimensional Contact Stress Analysis of a Composite Laminate with Bolted Joint,”Composite Structures,30,287–297 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Barbero, E.J., Luciano, R., andSacco, E., “Three-dimensional Plate and Contact/Friction Elements for Laminated Composite Joints,”Computer and Structures,54 (4),689–703 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ireman, T., “Three-dimensional Stress Analysis of Bolted Single-lap Composite Joints,”Composite Structures,43,195–216 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pierron, F., Cersier, F., andGrédiac, M., “A Numerical and Experimental Study of Woven Composite Pin-joints,”Journal of Composite Materials,34 (12),1028–1054 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Iancu, F, Ding, X., Cloud, G.L., and Raju, B.B., “Three-dimensional Investigation of Thick Single-lap Bolted Joint,” Proceedings of 2004 SEM X International Congress and Exposition, Society for Experimental Mechanics, Costa Mesa, CA (2004).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tranmposch, H. andGerard, G., “Exploratory Studies in Threedimensional Photo-thermoelasticity,”Journal of Applied Mechanics,28(1),35–40 (1961).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cloud, G.L., Optical Methods of Engineering Analysis, Cambridge University Press, New York (1995).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    ABAQUS/Standard User Manual ver. 6.2, Hibbitt, Karlsson and Sorensen (1998).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    HyperMesh User Manual ver. 5.0, Altair Computing (2001).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Iancu, F., “Three-dimensional Finite Element Analysis of a Singlelap Bolted Joint of Thick Isotropic Materials,” M.S. Thesis, Michigan State University (2003).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Speck, J.A., Mechanical Fastening, Joining and Assembly, Marcel Dekker, New York (1997).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Parmley, R.O., Standard Handbook of Fastening and Joining, McGraw-Hill, New York (1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Iancu
    • 1
  • X. Ding
    • 2
  • G. L. Cloud
    • 1
  • B. B. Raju
    • 3
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Goodyear Tire and Rubber CompanyAkronUSA
  3. 3.US Army Tank Automotive CommandWarrenUSA

Personalised recommendations