Advertisement

Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory

, Volume 4, Issue 3–4, pp 287–306 | Cite as

A spatial method for integrating data of different types

  • Stephen A. Kowalewski
Article

Abstract

Systematically recording archaeological, historical, ethnographic, and other information in a geographical-temporal frame has great advantages. The method allows the logical ordering of disparate facts, error checking, making connections that might otherwise go undetected, better comparison, manipulating temporal and spatial scales, and specifying the fields within which causal processes do and do not operate. The application of this spatial method in the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico, generated new hypotheses about the late prehispanic-earlies colonial transition; it brings us closer to a single history, as opposed to segregated prehistory and history.

Key Words

archaeology history methods Oaxaca 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Beals, R. L. (1975).The Peasant Marketing System of Oaxaca, Mexico, University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  2. Blanton, R. E., Kowalewski, S. A., Feinman, G. M., and Finsten, L. M. (1993).Ancient Mesoamerica: A Comparison of Change in Three Regions, 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  3. Bloch, M. (1953).The Historian's Craft. (Putnam, P., trans.), Vintage, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Borah, W., and Cook, S. F. (1960),The Population of Central Mexico in 1548: An Analysis of the Suma de Visitas de Pueblos, Ibero-Americana 43, University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  5. Borah, W., and Cook, S. F. (1963).The Aboriginal Population of Central Mexico on the Eve of the Spanish Conquest, Ibero-Americana 45, University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  6. Braudel, F. (1972).The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, 2 vols. (Reynolds, S., trans.), Harper and Row, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Cook, S. F., and Borah, W. (1971, 1974, 1979),Essays in Population History: Mexico and the Caribbean, 3 vols., University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  8. Esparza, M. (ed.) (1993)Juan Peláez de Berrio: Alcalde Mayor de la Villa de Antequera del Valle de Guaxaca, 1529–1531, Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes, México.Google Scholar
  9. García Pimentel, L. (1904).Relación de los Obispados de Tlaxcala, Michoacán, Oaxaca y Otros Lugares en el Siglo XVI, Case del Editor, México.Google Scholar
  10. Gay, J. A. (1982).Historia de Oaxaca, Editorial Porrúa, México (orig., 1881).Google Scholar
  11. Gerhard, P. (1972).A Guide to the Historical Geography of New Spain, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  12. González de Cossío, F. (ed.) (1952).El Libro de las Tasaciones de Pueblos de la Nueva España, Siglo XVI, Archivo General de la Nación, México.Google Scholar
  13. Hicks, F. (1986). Prehispanic background of colonial political and economic organization in Central Mesoamerica. In Spores, R. (ed.).Supplement to the Handbook of Middle American Indians, Vol. 4: Ethnohistory, University of Texas Press, Austin, pp. 35–54.Google Scholar
  14. Knapp, A. B. (1992). Archaeology and Annales: Time, space, and change. In Knapp, A. B. (ed.),Archaeology, Annales,and Ethnohistory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 1–21.Google Scholar
  15. Kowalewski, S. A. (1994). Local power and external power in Oaxaca: The long view. Paper presented at the 93rd annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Atlanta.Google Scholar
  16. Kowalewski, S. A. (1995). Spatial and temporal variation in the Porfirian economy. Paper presented at the 15th annual meeting of the Society for Economic Anthropology, Santa Fe, NM.Google Scholar
  17. Kowalewski, S. A., and Saindon, J. J. (1992). The spread of literacy in a Latin American peasant society: Oaxaca, Mexico, 1890 to 1980.Comparative Studies in Society and History 34(1): 110–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kowalewski, S. A., Blanton, R. E., Feinman, G., and Finsten, L. (1983). Boundaries, scale, and internal organization.Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 2: 32–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kowalewski, S. A., Feinman, G. M., Finsten, L. M., Blanton, R. E., and Nicholas, L. (1989).Monte Albán's Hinterland, Part II: Prehispanic Settlement Patterns in Tlacolula, Etla, and Ocotlán, the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico, 2 vols, Memoirs No. 23, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  20. Ouweneel, A. (1995). From Tlahtocayotl to Gobernadoryotl: A critical examination of indigenous rule in 18th-century Central Mexico.American Ethnologist 24(4): 756–785.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Paso y Troncoso, F. (1905–1948).Papeles de Nueva España, 9 vols, Sucesores de Rivadeneyra, Madrid.Google Scholar
  22. Smith, C. A. (1976).Regional Analysis, 2 vols, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  23. Smith, M. E. (1992). Rhythms of change in postclassic central Mexico: Archaeology, ethnohistory, and the Braudelian model. In Knapp, A. B. (ed.),Archaeology, Annales,and Ethnohistory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 51–74.Google Scholar
  24. Struever, S. (1971). Comments on archaeological data requirements and research strategy.American Antiquity,36: 9–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Taylor, W. B. (1972).Landlord and Peasant in Colonial Oaxaca, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.Google Scholar
  26. Welte, C. R. (1973–1978).Ready Reference Releases, Nos. 1–4, Oficina de Estudios de Humanidad del Valle de Oaxaca, Oaxaca de Juárez.Google Scholar
  27. Zeitlin, J. F. (1994). Precolumbian barrio organization in Tehuantepec, Mexico. In Marcus, J., and Zeitlin, J. F. (eds.),Caciques and Their People: A Volume in Honor of Ronald Spores, Anthropological Papers No. 85, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, pp. 275–300.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen A. Kowalewski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthens

Personalised recommendations