Mortality in hartford, connecticut: A comparison with the South Bronx, New York
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Very high mortality rates have been reported in large inner-city areas such as the South Bronx and Harlem in New York City, but also may occur in smaller US urban areas. Using published death rates for the South Bronx as the standard, the standardized mortality ratio was slightly lower than 1.00 for Hartford, Connecticut (population 139,739 in 1990), but more than 1.00 for three impoverished Hartford census tracts that contained public housing projects. Compared with the South Bronx, death rates in Hartford were lower for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), injury-homicide, and alcohol-drugs, but higher for hypertension-stroke (in all three tracts) and cancer (in two of the three tracts). Variations in patterns of causes of death among impoverished US urban areas have implications for planning epidemiologic studies and targeting interventions.
Key wordsCauses of death Death rates Epidemiology Mortality Urban health
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