Advertisement

International Review of Education

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 313–324 | Cite as

Research on the effectiveness of computer-based instruction: A review

  • Ted S. Hasselbring
Article

Abstract

This article reviews the research on the effectiveness of computer-based instruction (CBI) conducted over the past two decades. Using student achievement as a dependent measure, research on CBI is reviewed under the headings of evaluative studies, summaries of the proportion of studies favourable and unfavourable to CBI (‘box-score reviews’) and meta-analyses. Conclusions are drawn as to the effectiveness of CBI with regard to academic and social achievement. Finally, a cost-analysis of CBI is provided.

Keywords

Dependent Measure Student Achievement Evaluative Study Social Achievement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

In diesem Bericht wird die Erforschung der Wirksamkeit computergestützten Unterrichts (CBI) während der letzten zwei Jahrzehnte besprochen. Anhand von Schülerleistungen als dem zugrundeliegenden Maßstab werden Untersuchungen unter den Rubriken Auswertungsstudien, Zusammenfassungen von Studien, die für oder gegen CBI waren (box-score reviews) und Meta-Analysen betrachtet. Schlußfolgerungen werden gezogen im Hinblick auf die Wirksamkeit computergestützten Unterrichts für akademische und gesellschaftliche Leistungen. Abschließend wird eine Kostenanalyse für computergestützten Unterricht vorgelegt.

Résumé

Cet article examine la recherche sur l'efficacité de l'enseignement assisté par ordinateur (CBI) au cours des deux dernières décennies. Prenant comme mesure dépendante les résultats obtenus par les étudiants, la recherche en matière d'enseignement assisté par ordinateur est analysée sur la base des travaux d'évaluation, des résumés des proportions d'études favorables/défavorables au CBI (box-score reviews) et des meta-analyses. On tire des conclusions sur l'efficacité de l'enseignement assisté par ordinateur sur les plans académique et social. Enfin, une étude du coût de l'enseignement assisté par ordinateur est présentée.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alderman, D.L.Evaluation of the TICCIT Computer-Assisted Instruction System in the Community College. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service, 1978.Google Scholar
  2. Anandam, K. and Kelly, J. ‘Evaluating the Use of Technology in Education’.Journal of Educational Technology Systems. 10 (1981), No. 1, pp. 21–31.Google Scholar
  3. Atkinson, R. ‘Computerized Instruction and the Learning Process’.American Psychologist. 23 (1968), pp. 225–239.Google Scholar
  4. Becker, H.Microcomputers in the Classroom — Dreams and Realities. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University, Center for Social Organization of Schools, 1982.Google Scholar
  5. Braun, L. ‘Report on Educational Technology’.Journal of Educational Technology Systems. 12 (1983), No. 2, pp. 109–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bright, G. ‘Explaining the Efficiency of Computer-Assisted Instruction’.Association for Educational Data Systems Journal. 16 (1983), No. 3, pp. 144–152.Google Scholar
  7. Burns, P. and Bozeman, W. ‘Computer-Assisted Instruction and Mathematics Achievement: Is There a Relationship?’Educational Technology. 10 (1981), No. 2, pp. 32–39.Google Scholar
  8. Chambers, J. and Sprecher, J. ‘Computer-Assisted Instruction: Current Trends and Critical Issues’.Communications of the ACM. 23 (1980), No. 6, pp. 332–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Clark, R. ‘Reconsidering Research on Learning from Media’.Review of Educational Research. 53 (1983), No. 4, pp. 445–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dence, M. ‘Toward Defining a Role for CAI: A Review’.Educational Technology. 20 (1980), No. 11, pp. 50–54.Google Scholar
  11. Denham, A. and Lieberman, A.Time to Learn. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Education, 1980.Google Scholar
  12. Edwards, J., Norton, S., Taylor, S., Weiss, M. and Dusseldorp, R. ‘How Effective is CAI — A Review of the Research’.Educational Leadership. 33 (1975), pp. 147–153.Google Scholar
  13. Forman, D. ‘Search of the Literature’.The Computing Teacher. 9 (1982), No. 3, pp. 37–51.Google Scholar
  14. Gershman, J. and Sakamoto, E. ‘Computer-Assisted Remediation and Evaluation: A CAI Project for Ontario Secondary Schools’.Educational Technology. 21 (1981), No. 3, pp. 40–43.Google Scholar
  15. Hartley, S. ‘Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Individually Paced Instruction in Mathematics’ (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Colorado, 1977).Dissertation Abstracts International. 38(7-A) (1977), p. 4003 (University Microfilms No. 77–29, 926).Google Scholar
  16. Hawkins, J., Sheingold, K., Gearhart, M. and Berger, C. ‘Microcomputers in Schools: Impact on the Social Life of Elementary Classrooms’.Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. 3 (1982), pp. 361–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jamison, D., Suppes, P. and Wells, S. ‘The Effectiveness of Alternative Instructional Media: A Survey’.Review of Educational Research. 44 (1974), No. 1, pp. 1–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kulik, J., Bangert, R. and Williams, G. ‘Effects of Computer-Based Teaching on Secondary School Students’.Journal of Educational Psychology. 75 (1983), No. 1, pp. 19–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kulik, J., Kulik, C. and Cohen, P. ‘Effectiveness of Computer-Based College Teaching: A Meta-Analysis of Findings’.Review of Educational Research. 50 (1980), No. 1, pp. 525–544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Melmed, A. ‘Information Technology for U.S. Schools’.Phi Delta Kappan. 63 (1982), No. 5, pp. 308–310.Google Scholar
  21. Murphy, R.T. and Rhea-Appel, L.R.Evaluation of the Plato IV Computer-Based Education System in the Community College. Princeton, N.J.: Educational Testing Service, 1977.Google Scholar
  22. Papert, S., Watt, D., diSessa, A. and Weir, S.Final Report of the Brookline LOGO Project: An Assessment and Documentation of a Children's Computer Laboratory. Unpublished manuscript, MIT, 1979.Google Scholar
  23. Pressman, I. and Rosenbloom, B. ‘CAI System Costs: Present and Future’.T.H.E. Journal. 11 (1984), No. 6, pp. 94–98.Google Scholar
  24. Ragosta, M., Holland, P. and Jamison, D.Computer-Assisted Instruction and Compensatory Education: The ETS/LAUSD Study. The Executive Summary and Policy Implications. Princeton, N.J.: Educational Testing Service, 1982.Google Scholar
  25. Sheingold, K., Kane, J., Endreweit, M. and Billings, K.Study of Issues Related to the Implementation of Computer Technology in Schools. Unpublished manuscript, Center for Children and Technology, Bank Street College of Education, 1981.Google Scholar
  26. Suppes, P. and Morningstar, M. ‘Computer-Assisted Instruction’.Science. 166 (1968), pp. 343–350.Google Scholar
  27. Taylor, S. ‘The Effectiveness of CAI’. Paper presented at the annual convention of the Association for Educational Data Systems, New York, 1974.Google Scholar
  28. Vinsonhaler, J. and Bass, R. ‘A Summary of Ten Major Studies of CAI Drill and Practice’.Educational Technology. 12 (1972), No. 7, pp. 29–32.Google Scholar
  29. Wise, K. and Okey, J. ‘The Impact of Microcomputer-Based Instruction on Student Achievement’. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Dallas, Texas, 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Unesco Institute for Education and Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ted S. Hasselbring

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations