Climatic Change

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 173–187 | Cite as

The cold and wet year 1695 — a contemporary German account

  • S. Lindgrén
  • J. Neumann


After describing briefly some of the outstanding features of the uncommonly cold and wet year 1695, one of the coldest years of the Little Ice Age, an annotated translation is presented of a contemporary review of the unusual weather events of the year in Europe. The original was published in 1702 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, in vol. XIV of the seriesTheatrum Europaeum. The annotation relates to the historical events of the year that were substantially affected by the weather, events to which rather abstruse references are made in the aforementioned contemporary account. In addition to the fact that the contemporary review describes the uncommon weather conditions of 1695, it appears to be the first extended weather review in history.


Europe Weather Condition Historical Event Weather Event Outstanding Feature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Co. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Lindgrén
    • 1
  • J. Neumann
    • 2
  1. 1.Inst. of History, University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Dept. of Atmospheric SciencesThe Hebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael

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