Advertisement

Atomic Energy

, Volume 81, Issue 6, pp 852–856 | Cite as

Determination of arsenic content in soil using dt-neutron activation analysis

  • P. L. Usenko
  • V. V. Chulkov
Articles
  • 18 Downloads

Conclusions

The proposed technique increases the accuracy and reliability of the results of analysis for arsenic content in soil, is characterized by an adequate detection limit for relatively low neutron flux density, and meets the GOST 17.4.3.03-85 requirements for methods for determination of contaminants in soil. Owing to the high selectivity and simplicity of the measurements, the feasibility of instrumental analysis of rather large inhomogeneous samples, and the lack of any need for special preparation of the sample, this technique is a useful supplement to neutron activation analysis methods for analysis of complex multicomponent objects (soils, bottom sediments, minerals, etc.). Due to the finite time required for the analysis, the major applications of the technique are practical ecological problems, in particular background monitoring, rather than routine control processes.

This work was done with the partial financial support of the Livermore National Laboratory within contract B304249.

Keywords

Activation Analysis Bottom Sediment Neutron Activation Neutron Activation Analysis Neutron Flux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    ‘State report on the state of the natural environment of the Russian Federation in 1994,’ Problemy Okruzhayushchei Sredy i Prirodnykh Resursov. Obzornaya Informatsiya, Nos. 10–12 (1995).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Rosenberg, ‘Analytical service by neutron activation analysis for promoting science and technology,’ Zh. Anal. Khim.,49, No. 1, 97–102 (1994).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. M. Kolesov, ‘State-of-the-art and prospects for development of nuclear physical analysis methods,’ Zh. Anal. Khim.,51, No. 1, 78–87 (1996).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. T. Dmitriev, N. I. Kaznina, and I. A. Pinigina, Public-Health Chemical Analysis of Environmental Contaminants [in Russian], Moscow (1989).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Martin, J. Bolivar, M. Respaldiza, et al., ‘Environmental impact of fertilizer industries evaluated by PIXE,’ Nucl. Instrum. Meth. in Phys. Res.,B103, No. 4, 477–481 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. P. Beletskaya and S. S. Novikov, ‘Russian chemical weapons,’ Vestn. Ross. Akad. Nauk,65, No. 2, 99–104 (1995).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. V. Markina, D. L. Ryazanov, V. V. Pavlov, et al., ‘Use of instrumental neutron activation analysis for investigation of the elemental composition of plant and animal samples,’ Atomnaya Énergiya,79, No. 3, 201–203 (1995).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. A. Shubina and G. M. Kolesov, ‘Instrumental neutron activation analysis of rocks using cadmium, boron, and cadmium—boron filters,’ Zh. Anal. Khim.,48, No. 5, 889–897 (1993).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. J. M. Bowen and D. S. Gibbons, Radioactivation Analysis [Russian translation], Atomizdat, Moscow (1968).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. De Soete, R. Gijbels, and J. Hoste, ‘Neutron activation analysis,’ in: Chemical Analysis, Vol. 34, P. Elving and I. Kjlthoff (eds.), Wiley-Interscience, London-New York-Sydney-Toronto (1972).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. V. Mednis, Cross Sections of Nuclear Reactions Used in Neutron Activation Analysis. Handbook [in Russian], Zinatne, Riga (1991).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. S. Orlov and V. D. Vasil'evskii (eds.), Soil Ecological Monitoring and Soil Conservation [in Russian], MGU, Moscow (1994).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Yusof, A. Wood, and Z. Ahmad, ‘Marine sediments analysis by the elemental rationing technique,’ Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res.,B99, No. 1–4, 502–504 (1995).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Ya. Kondrat'ev, L. S. Ivlev, and I. Galindo, ‘Application of the enrichment factor concept in the investigation of volcanic eruptions,’ Dokl. Akad. Nauk,345, No. 1, 111–113 (1995).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. D. Sevast'yanov and S. V. Chuklyaev, ‘Metrological support for neutron measurements in Russia,’ Atomnaya Énergiya,78, No. 1, pp. 41–46 (1995).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. M. Gud, V. N. Kustov, and O. N. Levitskaya, ‘Instrumental neutron activation analysis of samples with different masses and densities,’ Zavod. Lab., No. 9, 23–25 (1994).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    I. Anycin and C. Yap, ‘New approach to detection limit determination in spectroscopy,’ Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res.,A259, No. 3, 525–528 (1987).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Emery, S. Reynolds, E. Wyatt, and G. Gleason, ‘Half-lives of radionuclides-IV,’ Nucl. Sci. Eng.,48, No. 3, 319–323 (1972).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. Eichler, G. O'Kelley, R. Robinson, et al., ‘Nuclear levels of74Ge,’ Nucl. Phys.,35, No. 4, 625–644 (1962).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    I. N. Plaksin and L. P. Starchik, Nuclear Physical Methods for Monitoring Material Composition [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1966).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. A. Makarov, ‘Choosing the optimal thickness for the active layer of metal—tritium targets of a neutron generator,’ Kratkie Soobshch. Fiz. FIAN, Nos. 11–12, 31–37 (1995).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. L. Usenko
  • V. V. Chulkov

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations