Mach's principle and Newtonian mechanics
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The union of Mach's principle and Newtonian mechanics gives rise to Relational Mechanics. We find that the characteristics of the revised mechanics are: (1) freedom from any reference to absolute space; (2) the identity of inertial and gravitational mass; (3) the relative acceleration of a body in a gravitational field dependent on the mass of the body. All these results are valid in the context of a Newtonian mechanics which is being developed in the center-of-mass system of all the particles. The conservation of linear momentum, energy, angular momentum are expressed in relational terms, i.e., no reference is made to absolute space. Relational Mechanics is a classical relativistic theory which can be formulated to satisfy Einsteinian relativistic requirements. The Hamiltonian formalism for Relational Mechanics is discussed.
KeywordsField Theory Angular Momentum Elementary Particle Quantum Field Theory Gravitational Field
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