Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 131–136 | Cite as

Dinucleotides and G + C content in human genes: Opposite behavior of GpG, GpC, and TpC at II-III codon positions and in introns

  • G. Gutiérrez
  • J. L. Oliver
  • A. Marín


We have studied the behavior of the dinucleotide preferences under G + C content variation in human genes. The doublet preferences for each dinucleotide were compared between two functionally distinct zones in genes, the II-III codon positions, and the introns. The 16 dinucleotides have been tentatively classified in three groups:
  • AA, AC, CC, CT, and GA, doublets showing no difference between introns and II-III codon positions in the full range of G + C variation

  • TG and TA, which differ in the full range of G + C variation

  • AT, AG, GT, TC, TT, GG, GC, CG, and CA, which show differences in regions over 50% G + C

A remarkable pattern observed concerns the behavior of GG, GC, and TC, which showed opposite trends in II-III codon positions and in introns. If codon positions and introns are under the same structural requirements and the same mutational bias, our results indicate that the differences observed could be related to post-transcriptional constraints acting on mRNA.

Key words

Human genome Dinucleotides Introns II-III codon positions G + C content 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Gutiérrez
    • 1
  • J. L. Oliver
    • 2
  • A. Marín
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de GenéticaUniversidad de SevillaSevillaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de GenéticaUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain

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