, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 196–201 | Cite as

Nutrition and the older adult

  • Evelyn Granieri


The surge in interest in aging research has led to a growing awareness of the importance of adequate nutritional status in the elderly. This paper highlights the current state of our knowledge of nutrition in the older adult with regard to age-related alterations in nutritional status, the effects of altered nutritional status on the general well-being of the elderly, and the contributions of alcohol and drugs to altered nutritional status. Nutritional assessment techniques used for the elderly and directions for future research are discussed.

Key words

Nutrition elderly 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Liss L, Gomez F: The nature of senile changes of the human olfactory bulb and tract.Arch Otolaryngol 67:167, 1958Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cooper RM, Bikash I, Zubek JP: The effect of age on taste sensitivity.J Gerontol 14:56–58, 1959PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Geokas MC, Haverback BJ: The aging gastrointestinal tract.Am J Surg 117:881–892, 1969CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Morley JE: Nutritional status of the elderly.Am J Med 81:671–695, 1986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Morley JE, Levine AS: Pharmacology of eating behavior.Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol 25:127–146, 1985CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kostantinidis NN, Teasley K, Lysne J, et al: Nutritional requirements of the hypermetabolic patient.Nutr Suppl Serv 4:41–50, 1984Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Money Income and Poverty Status, Current Population Reports. Ser. P-25, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Print Office, 1984Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Food and Nutrition Board, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council:Recommended Dietary Allowances, 9th ed. Washington, DC, 1980Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bistran BR, Blackburn GL, Vitale J et al: Prevalence of malnutrition in general medical patients.JAMA 235:1567–1570, 1976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Iber FL, Blass JP, Brin M, et al: Thiamin in the elderly: relation to alcoholism and to neurological degenerative disease.Am J Clin Nutr 36:1067–1082, 1982PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dirskell JA: The vitamin B6 status of the elderly. In:Human Vitamin B6 Requirements. Washington DC: National Academy of Sciences, pp 252–256, 1978Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Garry PJ, Goodwin JS, Hunt JC, et al: Nutritional status in a healthy elderly population: dietary and supplemental intakes.Am J Clin Nutr 35:319–333, 1983Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Garry PJ, Goodwin JS, Hunt WD, et al: Nutritional status in a healthy elderly population: vitamin C.Am J Clin Nutr 36:332–339, 1982PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    National Center for Health Statistics: Dietary intake source data, United States 1971–1974. (DHEW publication PHS-79-1221). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, 1979Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Morley JE: Nutrition in the elderly.Ann Intern Med 109:890–904, 1988PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Garry PJ, Goodwin JS, Hunt JC: Iron status and anemia in the elderly: new studies and a review of previous studies.J Am Geriatr Soc 31:389–399, 1983PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Suter PJ, Russell RM: Vitamin requirements of the elderly.Am J Clin Nutr 45:501–512, 1987PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Phillips PA, Rolls BJ, Ledigham JG, et al: Reduced thirst after water deprivation in healthy elderly men.N Engl J Med 311:753–759, 1984PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hartford JT, Samorajsi T: Alcoholism in the geriatric population.J Am Geriatr Soc 30:18–24, 1981Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Roe DA: Therapeutic effects of the drug-nutrient interactions in the elderly.J Am Diet Assoc 85:174–181, 1985PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelyn Granieri
    • 1
  1. 1.Northwestern University Medical SchoolChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations