Electric field-assisted and field-depressed segregation of reactive metals to the bonding interface in braze alloy joining
Segregation of reactive metals at the bonding interface has been observed in various ceramic and/or metal joints bonded with reactive metal-bearing braze alloys. When a d.c. of 20 mAcm−2 is applied to the ceramic/braze/ceramic system at a brazing temperature of, say, 1373 K, the electric field assists the segregation at the braze-ceramic interface on the cathode side and suppresses the segregation at the interface on the anode side. This may imply that reactive metal atoms in the braze can migrate as a cation. E.m.f. measurement on the ceramic (AIN or ZrB2)-metal foil systems with increasing temperature shows that a negative e.m.f. to the ceramic pole appears from about 900 K for AIN and from 500 K for ZrB2, as does the thermally stimulated current in polymers. These temperatures coincide well with those where the electrical conductivity of AIN and ZrB2, respectively, begins to increase with increasing temperature. Therefore, it is considered that the polarization of the ceramics may take place and assist the migration, and consequently segregation, of reactive metals in braze alloys to the braze-ceramic interface during brazing.
KeywordsPolymer Migration Electrical Conductivity Metal Atom Bonding Interface
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