Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 839–852 | Cite as

Fabrication and characterization of some novel reaction-bonded silicon carbide materials

  • A. J. Whitehead
  • T. F. Page
Papers

Abstract

Attempts have been made to produce modified reaction-bonded silicon carbide (RBSC) ceramics by incorporating a dispersion of other phases into the initial powder mix. ZrC, TiC, TaC and B4C were chosen as additives together with TiB2 as a phase likely to produce microcrack toughening in the final compact. During fabrication an important factor appears to be the possible reactions of the added phase with liquid silicon during the infiltration stage of the process. Thus, while all the carbides react with liquid silicon to form refractory silicides and new silicon carbide, this only significantly affected the reaction-bonding process if the dissolution/reaction kinetics were so fast as to disrupt the formation of the new silicon carbide framework which grows epitaxially to bond the existing silicon carbide particles together. As with conventional RBSC, the initial SiC grits play no part in any reaction except to act as nucleation sites for the new SiC. The microstructures of the various new materials have been characterized by reflected light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis and X-ray diffraction. This has led to an appraisal of the high-temperature reactions observed to have occurred and the unreliability of the high-temperature thermochemical data used to predict their occurrence. The mechanical properties of the new materials have been investigated by indentation testing (hardness and fracture toughness), including temperature-variant tests. Results are presented and the possibility for improving the properties of RBSC are discussed.

Keywords

Fracture Toughness Silicon Carbide Carbide Particle Indentation Testing Thermochemical Data 

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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Whitehead
    • 1
  • T. F. Page
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Division, Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing EngineeringThe UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK

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