Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 347–356 | Cite as

The influence of nonmetallic inclusions on the mechanical properties of steel: A review

  • P. A. Thornton


The literature regarding the influence of nonmetallic inclusions on the mechanical properties of steel is reviewed, with critical comments on various studies. A brief discussion of inclusion rating methods and a synopsis of the effects of applied stress on inclusions in an isotropic, elastic matrix are presented. The parameters considered are tensile strength, impact strength, reduction of area, fatigue properties and fracture toughness. It is concluded that in many applications, the type of inclusions are more important than the total content and as matrix strength increases, the notch effect of inclusions becomes more significant. Also, mechanical properties can be influenced by any one or a combination of the following inclusion parameters; shape, size, quantity, interspacing, distribution, orientation, interfacial strength, and physical properties relative to the matrix.


Fatigue Mechanical Property Tensile Strength Fracture Toughness Rating Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. Thornton
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Engineering SectionWatervliet ArsenalWatervlietUSA

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