The ESR spectrum of Gd3+/MgO
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Electron spin resonance studies have been made at 9.1 GHz on Gd3+/MgO single crystals grown by electrofusion and containing low gadolinium concentrations. A single isotropic line havingg=1.992±0.00024 was observed in contrast to the seven line spectrum reported by Abraham. The experimental peak-to-peak linewidth for the −1/2↔+1/2 transition at 293 K was 0.3 mT and was independent of polar angle. This was nearly one hundred times less than the calculated dipolar linewidth and analysis verified that the lineshape was Lorentzian indicating exchange narrowing. The linewidth was independent of temperature from 4.2 to 293 K and the exchange energy derived for a gadolinium concentration of 310 ppm was 15 GHz. A discussion is given of the cubic field splittings of Gd3+ in oxide crystals and a comparison made of the exchange energies of transition group ions in the MgO lattice.
KeywordsElectron Spin Resonance Exchange Energy Polar Angle Transition Group Line Spectrum
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