Environmental Management

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 597–604 | Cite as

Brazilian Amazonia: Industrial development and environmental monitoring

  • Francesco Lucarelli
  • Paolo De Stefano
  • Luigi G. Napolitano
  • Pasquale Murino
  • Rosario Vigliotti
Research
  • 56 Downloads

Abstract

After a critical analysis of the strategies for conservation of the environment in Latin America and of large-scale development projects (agriculture and livestock raising, mining and electrical power plants) in the Amazon region of Brazil, this paper deals with the use of high-resolution satellite imagery for environmental monitoring. Two areas were considered in the study, Tucurui and Altamira. Spot/XS and Landsat/TM multispectral images were used, together with color aerial photographs of these areas. A computer-assisted visual interpretation procedure was employed to analyze images, and linear multispectral transformation was applied in selected subscenes in order to improve information extraction. The results indicate that high-resolution satellite imagery is generally compatible with the scale of the environmental problems in Amazonia and is a very efficient source of detailed information at a local scale on many aspects of the environment, in particular for monitoring changes over time in selected areas. Therefore, commercial satellite imagery, processed by specialized software, can accommodate a variety of analysis needs for decision makers and can also be an effective means of verification of international agreements on conservation of the environment in Amazonia.

Key words

Environmental monitoring Amazonia Remote sensing Sustainable development 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Lucarelli
    • 1
  • Paolo De Stefano
    • 1
  • Luigi G. Napolitano
    • 2
  • Pasquale Murino
    • 2
  • Rosario Vigliotti
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Pianiificazione e Scienze del TerritorioUniversità di Napoli “Federico II”NaplesItaly
  2. 2.Istituto di Aerodinamica “U. Nobile,” Facoltà di IngegneriaUniversità di Napoli “Federico II”NaplesItaly

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