Biochemical Genetics

, 30:169 | Cite as

Restriction site variation, gene duplication, and the activity ofsn-glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase inDrosophila melanogaster

  • Jane E. Symonds
  • John B. Gibson


Restriction site variation in a 25-kb region including thesn-glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gpdh) locus has been assessed in 29 single femaleD. melanogaster lines from the Cardwell (Australia, QLD) population. TheGpdh locus was duplicated in about one-third of the lines, although the duplication was incomplete and lacked exons 1 and 2. There was no restriction site variation in the duplicated region. Three insertions were found in the gene region but only one affected GPDH activity. The lines with the duplication had higher levels of GPDH activity and protein amount than did nonduplicated lines. This effect was also observed in lines extracted from two other Australian populations. The duplication is shown to have a similar structure in each population investigated and is also present in populations from China and Africa. It is suggested that the effect of the duplication on GPDH activity, which might be due to structural factors affecting transcription at theGpdh locus, could account for the worldwide distribution of the duplication.

Key words

Drosophila glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase restriction map duplication enzyme activity 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jane E. Symonds
    • 1
  • John B. Gibson
    • 1
  1. 1.Molecular and Population Genetics Group, Research School of Biological SciencesThe Australian National UniversityCanberra

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