Mapping of mouse gamma crystallin genes on chromosome 1
Restriction fragments analysis of DNA from mouse-hamster somatic-cell hybrid clones revealed that a mouse gamma crystallin cDNA hybridized to genomic sequences located on mouse chromosome 1. Identification of restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) in the gamma crystallin sequences of inbred strains of mice permitted the further localization of the gamma crystallin genes (Cryg) to the proximal region of chromosome 1 closely linked to the loci encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase (Idh-1), a low molecular weight (LM) crystallin protein polymorphism (Len-1), and fibronectin (Fn-1). A single recombinant was observed betweenLen-1 and an RFLP in the gamma crystallin gene family, consistent with the hypothesis thatLen-1 is one of the several structural loci encoding gamma crystallin genes.Len-1 is probably located on the centromeric end of theCryg gene family. Linkage ofIdh-1, Cryg, andFn-1 in mice extends the syntenic relationship of those loci to the human, bovine, and rodent genomes and may define a chromosomal region that is generally conserved among mammals. The map position ofCryg, near the eye lens obsolescence (Elo) locus, was confirmed by the discovery that the restriction fragment patterns of gamma crystallin sequences differed between strain C3H/HeJ and the congenic anophthalmic mutant strain, C3H.Elo. Therefore, the gamma crystallin genes were contransferred with the mutantElo gene in the derivation of C3H.Elo. The results establish that LEN-1 is a marker for the gamma crystallin gene family, position the gamma crystallin gene family relative to other markers on mouse chromosome 1, and provide additional evidence that theElo mutation is encoded at a locus closely linked to the gamma crystallin gene cluster. This study found no evidence of recombination hot spots within the gamma crystallin gene cluster.
Key wordsmouse gamma crystallin gene mapping
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