A coordinate relationship between theGALK and theTK1 genes of the Chinese hamster
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Chinese hamster cells in culture were treated with various concentrations of thymidine, 5-bromodeoxyuridine, trifluorothymidine, and 2-deoxy-d-galactose. Selection was made for deficiencies in the activities of galactokinase and thymidine kinase. Selection in the presence of thymidine, 5-bromodeoxyuridine, and trifluorothymidine was expected to produce clones deficient in thymidine kinase only, whereas those deficient in galactokinase were expected to be selected in the presence of 2-deoxy-d-galactose. However, it was found that clones growing in the presence of these inhibitors were frequently deficient in both enzymes. Or if a clone was deficient in only one, the deficiency frequently was not expected according to the selection procedure. This indicates some sort of coordinate relationship between the two gene loci,GALK andTK1, which specify galactokinase and thymidine kinase, respectively.GALK andTK1 are linked in all primates and rodents in which linkage determinations have been made. It is therefore probable that this linkage has been conserved for a long period of time. It is suggested that the apparent relationship between the two genes shown by the data presented here, as well as by others, supports the conclusion that linkage has been conserved by natural selection and is therefore not fortuitous.
Key wordsChinese hamster cells GALK TK1 thymidine kinase galactokinase conservation of linkage galactose metabolism thymidylate synthesis 5-bromodeoxyuridine thymidine trifluorothymidine 2-deoxy-d-galactose
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