Biochemical Genetics

, Volume 34, Issue 3–4, pp 117–131 | Cite as

AGI, a previously unreportedD. melanogaster α-glucosidase: Partial purification, characterization, and cytogenetic mapping

  • George F. Parker
  • David B. Roberts
Article
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

InbredDrosophila melanogaster stocks were surveyed for α-glucosidases with nondenaturing gel electrophoresis using a fluorogenic substrate to stain the gels. The glucosidase most active under these conditions is polymorphic. We established that the polymorphism is genetic in origin and that the glucosidase was not likely to be a previously characterized enzyme. The gene encoding the enzyme was mapped cytogenetically to 33 A1-2- 33A8-B1, confirming that this is an enzyme not yet reported inD. melanogaster. The enzyme was partially purified by elution from nondenaturing gels, which enabled us to establish that it has optimal activity at pH 6 and interacts most strongly with α-1–4 glucosides. A developmental and tissue survey suggested that this enzyme could have a purely digestive role or be involved in carbohydrate metabolism inside the organism. We propose that this enzyme is involved in either starch digestion or glycogen metabolism.

Key words

α-glucosidases Drosophila melanogaster carbohydrate metabolism 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • George F. Parker
    • 1
  • David B. Roberts
    • 2
  1. 1.Sir William Dunn School of PathologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.Genetics Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, South Parks RoadUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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