Biochemical Genetics

, Volume 31, Issue 9–10, pp 449–460 | Cite as

Genetic structure of natural populations ofDryas iulia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) revealed by enzyme polymorphism and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)

  • Karen Luisa Haag
  • Aldo Mellender de Araújo
  • Arnaldo Zaha


Dryas iulia appears to have undergone a mode of evolution different from that of other members of its subfamily (Heliconiinae). While other species constitute highly subdivided and inbred populations, those ofD. iulia are thought to be large and uniform. Analyzing six samples from Southern Brazil (state of Rio Grande do Sul) in relation to three enzyme systems (EST, LAP, and PGM) and their mtDNA RFLP patterns, we found that they are very similar at the molecular level. TheF statistics for enzyme polymorphism data revealed that inbreeding makes a great contribution to the population homozygosity, sinceFIS equals 0.1322 andFST equals 0.0023. Since the chi-square test showed thatFST is not significant, we conclude that all localities belong to the same population. The mtDNA differentiation was about 12 times greater than for nuclear genes;FST was equivalent to 0.0265. We suggest that this difference is due to a higher dispersal of males, in relation to females.

Key words

population structure butterfly enzyme polymorphism mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) dispersal 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Luisa Haag
    • 1
  • Aldo Mellender de Araújo
    • 2
  • Arnaldo Zaha
    • 3
  1. 1.Departmento de GenéticaUFPR, Centro PolitécnicoCuritiba, PRBrasil
  2. 2.Departmento de GenéticaUFRGSPorto Alegre, RSBrasil
  3. 3.Departamento de BiotecnologiaUFRGSPorto Alegre, RSBrasil

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