Environmental Management

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 51–57 | Cite as

Watershed management program on Santiago Island, Cape Verde

  • Vicente L. Lopes
  • John Meyer


The Watershed Management Program (WMP) was put into operation in early 1985 on Santiago Island, Cape Verde, with the stated purpose, “to develop and protect the soil and water resources of the Program-designated watersheds … to stabilize the natural environment and increase agricultural production potential in the Program area.” The approach to soil and water conservation in the program has been to build erosion and flood control structures (engineering approach) and plant trees (biological approach) to decrease rill and gully erosion, trap sediment behind control structures, provide flood protection, increase infiltration, increase fuelwood and fodder production, and increase water supplies for irrigation. There have been many successes resulting from specific management activities, but flawed approach or implementation in a few key areas has acted to impede the program's complete success, including lack of a scientific basis for evaluating its impact on soil and water conservation; poor design, placement, and maintenance of some major hydraulic structures; inadequate intervention in stabilizing farmlands or education of farmers and landowners in the need for and benefits of agroforestry; and incomplete integration of engineering and biological approaches.

Key words

Watershed resource protection Erosion control Sediment control Agroforestry, Water resources development Soil and water conservation works Environmental impacts 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Agency for International Development. 1984. Cape Verde watershed development paper. Report presented to United States Agency for International Development, Praia, Cape Verde.Google Scholar
  2. Arid Lands Information Center. 1980. Draft environmental report on Cape Verde. Office of Arid Lands Studies, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.Google Scholar
  3. Faures, J.-M. 1987. Etude de l'intensité des précipitations à la station climatologique de S. Jorge dos Orgaos de 1980 a 1985.Google Scholar
  4. Finan, T. J., and J. Belknap. 1985. Characteristics of Santiago agriculture. Report presented to United States Agency for International Development, Praia, Cape Verde.Google Scholar
  5. Norton, L. D. 1987. Soil erosion specialist summary report. Technical report USIAD/REDSO/CV85-665-0013, Sheladia Associates, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.Google Scholar
  6. Republica de Cabo Verde. 1983. Recenseamento geral da populacao e habitaçao 1980.Google Scholar
  7. Walling, D. E., and B. W. Webb. 1983. Patterns of sediment yield.In K. J. Gregory (ed.), Background to palaeohydrology: A perspective. John Wiley & Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  8. World Bank. 1989. Cape Verde household energy strategy study. Industry and Energy Department, The World Bank, Washington, DC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vicente L. Lopes
    • 1
  • John Meyer
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Renewable Natural ResourcesThe University of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.American Ag InternationalTucsonUSA

Personalised recommendations