Environmental Management

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 119–128 | Cite as

Viewer preference for spatial arrangement of park trees: An application of video-imaging technology

  • Herbert W. Schroeder
  • Brian Orland


Research on perception of parks and recreation settings has examined several important tree attributes that influence people's visual preferences. This research, however, has usually not considered the spatial arrangement of the trees, partly because of the lack of adequate methods for representing tree arrangements with systematically manipulated geometries. In the study reported here, computer video-imaging techniques were used to construct simulated landscape scenes that varied on specific dimensions of the spatial configuration of trees. The simulations were rated for visual preference by three respondent groups: a university class, a bicycle club, and a women's civic group. Preference ratings were significantly influenced by the number of trees in the scene, by the number of clumps into which trees were grouped, and by the diameter of the clumps. The video-imaging technology implemented in this study offers important methodological advantages for the design of carefully controlled experiments to study human response to variation in landscape treatments.

Key words

Trees Spacing Parks Video-imaging Landscape 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert W. Schroeder
    • 1
  • Brian Orland
    • 2
  1. 1.USDA Forest ServiceNorth Central Forest Experiment StationChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Landscape ArchitectureUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

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