Environmental Management

, 18:831 | Cite as

Acidification and recreational fisheries in Finland: A mail survey of potential impacts

  • Antti Lappalainen
  • Mikael Hildén
  • Kalevi Leinonen


In Finland, small forest lakes and rivers in the northern part of the country are more sensitive to acidic deposition than other Finnish waters. In some lakes, acid-sensitive fish populations have declined. A nationwide survey of fishers showed that, at present, the number of fishers whose primary fishing waters are affected by airborne acidification is negligible compared to the estimated total number of adult fishers (1.1 million). The proportion of the fishers who mainly fish in water types sensitive to airborne acidification is considerable, 3% for the rivers in northern Finland and 21% for small forest lakes. There is general concern among fishers about the effects of acidification. Changes in the fishing waters are attributed to acidification by 5–10% of the fishers, although in most cases other information about the fishing waters rules out acidification as an explanation for the changes. Among those who fish in sensitive types of waters, a willingness to mitigate potential damages was reported by approximately one third of all fishers. Clear differences in the willingness to rehabilitate the fishery were observed in relation to the importance of fishing as a spare time activity and the distance between the fishing waters and a home or summer cottage.

Key words

Acidification Fishery Recreational fishing Mail survey 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antti Lappalainen
    • 1
  • Mikael Hildén
    • 2
  • Kalevi Leinonen
    • 3
  1. 1.Finnish Game and Fisheries Research InstituteHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.National Board of Waters and the EnvironmentHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Finnish Game and Fisheries Research InstituteHelsinklFinland

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