Hydrobiologia

, Volume 184, Issue 3, pp 165–168 | Cite as

The determination of limestone surface area by linear regression

  • Ming Coler
  • Yi Ying Chang
  • Robert A. Coler
Article

Abstract

An accurate procedure is described to determine rapidly and conveniently the surface area of individual pieces of limestone when estimating benthic macroinvertebrate densities. Based on population samples of 60 limestone and 60 traprock fragments, the authors derived r2 values in their regressions of volume and weight against surface area of 0.909 and 0.939 and 0.84 and 0.76, respectively. Estimates of limestone surface area by these methods yielded error estimates of 4.2% and 3.6%, equal to or superior to any method reviewed.

Key words

surface area substrate limestone weight volume regression 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Behmer, D. J. & C. P. Hawkins, 1986. Effects of overhead canopy on macroinvertebrate production in a Utah stream. Freshwat. Biol. 16(3): 287–300.Google Scholar
  2. Calow, P., 1972. A method for determining the surface area of stones to enable quantitative estimates of littoral stonedwelling organisms to be made. Hydrobiologia 40: 37–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chutter, F. M., 1972. A reappraisal of Needham and Usinger's data on the variability of a stream fauna when sampled with a Swiber sampler. Limnol. Oceanogr. 17: 139–141.Google Scholar
  4. Dall, P. C., 1979. A sampling technique for littoral stonedwelling organisms. Oikos 33: 106–112.Google Scholar
  5. Doeg, T. & P. S. Lake, 1981. A technique for assessing the composition and density of the macroinvertebrate fauna of large stones in streams. Hydribiologia 80: 3–6.Google Scholar
  6. Graham, A. A., D. J. McCaughan & F. S. McKee, 1988. Measurement of surface area of stones. Hydrobiologia 157: 85–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kovalak, W. P., 1978. Diel changes in the stream benthos density on stones and artificial substrates. Hydrobiologia 58: 7–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Flannagan, J. & D. Rosenbeeg, 1982. Type of artificial substrates used for sampling freshwater benthic macroinvertebrates. In: J. Cairns, Jr. (ed.), Artificial Substrates, Ann Arbor Science Pub., Ann Arbor, Michigan: 237–266.Google Scholar
  9. McElhone, M. J. & R. W. Davies, 1983. The influence of rock surface area on the microdistribution and sampling of attached riffle dwelling Trichoptera in Hartley Creek, Alberta. Can. J. Zool. 61: 2300–2304.Google Scholar
  10. Minshall, G. W., 1984. Aquatic insect-substratum relationships. In: V. H. Resh and D. M. Rosenberg (eds.), The Ecology of Aquatic Insects, Praeger, Westport, Connecticut: 358–400.Google Scholar
  11. Minshall, G. W. & J. N. Minshall, 1977. Microdistribution of benthic invertebrates in a Rock Mountain (U.S.A.) stream. Hydrobiologia 55: 231–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Neves, R. J., 1979. Secondary production of epilithic fauna in a woodland stream. Am. Midl. Nat. 102: 209–224.Google Scholar
  13. Reice, S. R., 1980. The role of substrate in benthic macroinvertebrate microdistribution and litter decomposition in a woodland stream. Ecology 61(3): 580–590.Google Scholar
  14. Shelly, T. E., 1979. The effect of rock size upon the distribution of species of Orthocladiinae (Chironomidae: Diptera) and Baetis intercalasis. McDonnaugh (Baetidae: Ephemeroptera). Ecol. Entomol. 4: 95–100.Google Scholar
  15. Wrona, F. J., P. Calow, J. Ford, D. J. Baird & L. Maltby, 1986. Estimating the abundance of stone-dwelling organisms: A new method. Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 43: 2025–2035.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ming Coler
    • 1
  • Yi Ying Chang
    • 1
  • Robert A. Coler
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Health/Sciences Program, Division of Public HealthUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA

Personalised recommendations