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Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 255, Issue 2, pp 99–100 | Cite as

Intrauterine growth retardation and fetal distress associated with the excessively long (160 cm) umbilical cord

  • A. Itakura
  • O. Kurauchi
  • S. Mizutani
  • Y. Tomoda
Case Reports

Abstract

We present a case report in which we described an abnormally long umbilical cord coiled eight times around the fetal neck. This occurrence was considered to have caused intrauterine growth retardation and fetal distress.

Key words

Long umbilical cord Intrauterine growth retardation Fetal distress 

References

  1. Miller ME, Higginbottom M, Smith DW (1981) Short umbilical cord: Its origin and relevance. Pediatrics 67:618–621PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Mills JL, Harley EE, Moessinger AC (1983) Standards for measuring umbilical cord length. Placenta 4:423PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Moessinger AC, Blanc WA, Marone PA, Polsen DC (1982) Umbilical cord length as an index of fetal activity: Experimental study and clinical implications. Pediatr Res 16:109–112PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Rayburn WF, Beynen A, Brinkman DL (1981) Umbilical cord lenght and intrapartum complications. Obstet Gynecol 57:450PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Itakura
    • 1
  • O. Kurauchi
    • 1
  • S. Mizutani
    • 1
  • Y. Tomoda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyNagoya University School of MedicineNagoyaJapan

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