Intrauterine growth retardation and fetal distress associated with the excessively long (160 cm) umbilical cord
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We present a case report in which we described an abnormally long umbilical cord coiled eight times around the fetal neck. This occurrence was considered to have caused intrauterine growth retardation and fetal distress.
Key wordsLong umbilical cord Intrauterine growth retardation Fetal distress
© Springer-Verlag 1994