Successful treatment of gallbladder carcinoma producing alpha-fetoprotein with segmental adenomyomatosis
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The successful treatment of hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder with elevated serum alpha-fetoprotein (1243 ng/ml) and segmental adenomyomatosis in a 58-year-old woman is described. The woman had alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing carcinoma of the gallbladder with regional lymph node metastasis and was treated by extended radical resection and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. She is alive, showing normal serum AFP concentration and no recurrence, 57 months after surgery. The tumor cells were stained immunohistochemically for AFP by the peroxidase anti-peroxidase method. Serum AFP reactivity to concanavalin A and lentil lectin was similar to the pattern shown in hepatocellular carcinoma. Only a few cases of AFP-producing gallbladder carcinoma have been reported and there have been no reports of long-term survivors. The combination of aggressive radical resection and chemotherapy seems to have been effective for achieving long-term survival without liver metastasis.
Key wordsgallbladder carcinoma alpha-fetoprotein adenomyomatosis long-term survivor surgical resection
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