Expectant management of suspected ectopic pregnancies even with risingβ-subunit human chorionic gonadotropin levels
- 28 Downloads
A prospective study was undertaken to evaluate possibility of expectant management of ectopic pregnancy in a selected group of patients with few symptoms, no gestational sac on sonography, and rising but lowβhCG levels. Using the above mentioned criteria, 26 patients were enrolled during prospective study period of 24 month. Five patients (19.2%) had a ruptured tubal pregnancy during the period of observation. Ten patients (38.5%) underwent laparoscopy with subsequent surgery for tubal pregnancy. The indication for laparoscopy in all 10 cases was abdominal pain. In all these 10 patients the pregnancy was unruptured. The remaining 11 patients (42.3%) escaped surgical intervention. Three had intrauterine pregnancies. In the remaining 8 patients the diagnosis remained presumed ectopic. The mean interval from admission toβhCG level of <5 mIU/ml in these 8 patients was 19.2 ± 8.4 days. They were inpatients until theβhCG level begun to decline. Thereafter, the patients were observed as outpatients. We conclude that in carefully selected cases of suspected ectopic pregnancies with rising but lowβhCG levels, expectant management is appropriate as long as the patient remains relatively asymptomatic.
Key wordsEctopic pregnancy Expectant management
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Gertz E, Quagliarello J (1987) Declining serum concentrations of the beta subunite of human chorionic gonadotropin and ruptured ectopic pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 146:940–941Google Scholar
- Lund J (1955) Early ectopic pregnancy: Comments on conservative treatment. J Obstet Gynecol Br Emp 62:70–76Google Scholar
- Lurie S, Insler V (1992) Can the serumβhCG level reliably predict the likelihood of a ruptured tubal pregnancy? Isr J Obstet Gynecol 4:152–154Google Scholar