This investigation was stimulated by a question raised by F.R. McMorris and M. Satyanarayana [Proc. Amer. Math. Soc.33 (1972), 271–277] which asked whether a regular semigroup with a tree of idempotents is categorical. The question is answered in the affirmative. Characterizations of categorical semigroups are found within the following classes of semigroups: regular semigroups, bands, commutative regular semigroups, unions of simple semigroups, semilattices of groups, and commutative semigroups.
Some results are related to part of the work of M. Petrich [Trans. Amer. Math. Soc.170 (1972), 245–268]. For instance, it is shown that the poset of J-classes of any regular categorical semigroup is a tree; however, an example of a regular non-categorical semigroup is given in which the poset of J-classes is a chain.
It is also shown that the condition that the subsemigroup of idempotents be categorical is sufficient, but not necessary, for an orthodox semigroup to be categorical.
KeywordsInverse Semigroup Regular Semigroup Homomorphic Image Commutative Semigroup Simple Semigroup
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- McMorris, F.R. and M. Satyanarayana,Categorical semigroups, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. (1972), 271–277.Google Scholar