Advertisement

Primates

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 1–13 | Cite as

Responses to a stranger mother-son pair in the wild chimpanzee: A case report

  • Toshisada Nishida
  • Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa
Article

Abstract

A stranger mother-son pair of the chimpanzee was observed twice interacting with conspecifics of a neighbouring unit-group: first, when the mother and son accidentally encountered them within the core area of the former; second, when the mother and son temporarily immigrated for about one week. On both occasions, the mother and son were severely attacked by adult males of the neighbouring unit-group, and would have been killed had it not been for human intervention. The main target of the aggression was not the infant, but the mother. Some adult males intervened and prevented other males and females from attacking the mother-son pair. Moreover, most adult males displayed an ambivalent attitude since they showed aggression towards them on one occasion, but groomed, reassured and played on another. The reasons for the variable responses of adult males to a stranger female are discussed in terms of possible differences in their mating strategies.

Key Words

Pan troglodytes Xenophobia Female transfer Aggression Protective intervention 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bygott, J. D., 1972. Cannibalism among wild chimpanzees.Nature, 238: 410–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. ----, 1974. Agonistic behaviour and dominance in wild chimpanzees. Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Cambridge.Google Scholar
  3. Goodall, J., 1977. Infant killing and cannibalism in free-living chimpanzees.Folia Primatol., 28: 259–282.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. ————, 1983. Population dynamics during a 15-year period in one community of free-living chimpanzees in the Gombe National Park, Tanzania.Z. Tierpsychol., 61: 1–60.Google Scholar
  5. ————,A. Bandora, E. Bergmann, C. Busse, H. Matama, E. Mpongo, A. Pierce &D. Riss, 1979. Intercommunity interactions in the chimpanzee population of the Gombe National Park. In:The Great Apes,D. A. Hamburg &E. R. McCown (eds.), Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park, pp. 13–53.Google Scholar
  6. Hasegawa, T. &M. Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, 1983. Opportunistic and restrictive matings among wild chimpanzees in the Mahale Mountains, Tanzania.J. Ethol., 1: 75–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, M., T. Hasegawa &T. Nishida, 1984. Demographic study of a large-sized unit-group of chimpanzees in the Mahale Mountains, Tanzania: A preliminary report.Primates, 25: 401–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kawanaka, K., 1981. Infanticide and cannibalism in chimpanzees, with special reference to the newly observed case in the Mahale Mountains.Afr. Study Monogr., 1: 69–99.Google Scholar
  9. McGinnis, P. R., 1973. Patterns of sexual behaviour in a community of free-living chimpanzees. Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Cambridge.Google Scholar
  10. Nishida, T., 1979. The social structure among wild chimpanzees of the Mahale Mountains. In:The Great Apes,D. A. Hamburg &E. R. McCown (eds.), Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park, pp. 73–121.Google Scholar
  11. ————, 1983. Alpha status and agonistic alliance in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii).Primates, 24: 318–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. ————,M. Hiraiwa-Hasegawa, T. Hasegawa &Y. Takahata, 1985. Group extinction and female transfer in wild chimpanzees in the Mahale National Park.Z. Tierpsychol., 67: 284–301.Google Scholar
  13. ————,S. Uehara &R. Nyundo, 1979. Predatory behavior among wild chimpanzees of the Mahale Mountains.Primates, 20: 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Norikoshi, K., 1982. One observed case of cannibalism among wild chimpanzees of the Mahale Mountains.Primates, 23: 66–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pusey, A., 1980. Inbreeding avoidance in chimpanzees.Anim. Behav., 28: 543–552.Google Scholar
  16. Takahata, Y., T. Hasegawa &T. Nishida, 1984. Chimpanzee predation in the Mahale Mountains from August 1979 to May 1982.Int. J. Primatol., 5: 213–233.Google Scholar
  17. Tutin, C. E. G., 1980. Reproductive behaviour of wild chimpanzees in the Gombe National Park, Tanzania.J. Reprod. Fertil., Suppl., 28: 43–57.Google Scholar
  18. Wolf, K. &S. T. Schulman, 1984. Male response to “stranger” females as a function of female reproductive value among chimpanzees.Amer. Naturalist, 123: 163–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshisada Nishida
    • 1
  • Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anthropology, Faculty of ScienceThe University of TokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations