Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 333–336 | Cite as

CT evaluation of the shoulder in children with Erb's palsy

  • R. J. Hernandez
  • L. Dias
Commentary

Abstract

The majority of children with traumatic injuries of the brachial plexus recover with only minor sequelae. Some patients develop residual deformity, however. This deformity may consist only of internal rotation contractures, but in some patients subluxation of the humeral head may be present. CT is useful in the evaluation of: the presence or absence of subluxation, deformity of the glenoid and the proper placement of the humeral head in plaster or orthotic devices.

Keywords

Public Health Internal Rotation Humeral Head Brachial Plexus Traumatic Injury 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Wickstrom J (1962) Birth injuries of the brachial plexus. Treatment of defects of the shoulder. Clin Orthop 23: 187PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Greenwald AG, Schute PC, Shiveley JL (1984) Brachial plexus birth palsy: a 10-year report on the incidence and prognosis. J Pediatr Orthop 4: 689PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tachdjian MO (1972) Pediatric orthopedics, vol. 2. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia London Toronto, p 1036Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    DePalma AF (1973) Surgery of the shoulder, 2nd edn. J. B. Lippincott, Philadelphia p 523Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sever JW (1916) Obstetric paralysis. Its etiology, pathology, clinical aspects and treatment, with a report of four hundred and seventy cases. Am J Dis Child 12: 541Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Randelli M, Gambrioli PL (1986) Glenohumeral osteometry by computed tomography in normal and unstable shoulders. Clin Orthop 208: 151PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Seltzer SE, Weissman BN (1985) CT findings in normal and dislocating shoulders. J Can Assoc Radiol 36: 41PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Danzig L, Resnick D, Greenway G (1982) Evaluation of unstable shoulders by computed tomography. A preliminary study. Am J Sports Med 10: 138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Babbitt DP, Cassidy RH (1968) Obstetrical paralysis and dislocation of the shoulder in infancy. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 50: 1447Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wickstrom J, Haslam ET, Hutchinson RH (1955) The surgical management of the shoulder following birth injuries of the brachial plexus. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 37: 27Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. Hernandez
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Dias
    • 1
  1. 1.Children's Memorial HospitalChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiology Section of Pediatric RadiologyUniversity of Michigan Hospitals C.S. Mott Children's Hospital C3123Ann ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations