Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 113–117 | Cite as

Planning, consciousness and conscience

  • Alan E. Singer


Contemporary perspectives on conciousness provide us with a powerful metaphor for the corporate planning process; although organisations ultimately differ, in systems terms, from organisms.

Like consciousness, planning has survival value and confers operational advantages.

Whereas individuals' actions may be guided by conscience, in pursuit of ideals, corporate acts often lack these qualities. It may be that no diffuse planning process is capable of accomodating ideals and ethical standards, they are ‘beyond’ Corporate Consciousness. Therefore, the pursuit of corporate objectives will often conflict with individuals' ideals.


Metaphor Harvard Business Review Operational Advantage Corporate Ideal System Term 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan E. Singer
    • 1
  1. 1.the Department of Business AdministrationVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand

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